Table 4 Fasting lipid concentrations prior to and after 12 weeks of energy restriction, 4 weeks of energy balance and 12 months of follow-up consuming a conventional protein or high-protein diet

From: Long-term effects of a high-protein, low-carbohydrate diet on weight control and cardiovascular risk markers in obese hyperinsulinemic subjects

Variable Week 0 Week 16 Week 68 % change P-value
Triacylglycerols (mmol/l)
 SP diet 1.9±0.1 1.8±0.1 1.9±0.2 2.3±7.2 0.23
 HP diet 1.9±0.2 1.4±0.1 1.6±0.2 −10.6±8.6  
Total cholesterol (mmol/l)
 SP diet 5.6±0.2 5.4±0.2 6.2±0.3§ 9.1±3.9 0.12
 HP diet 5.6±0.2 5.2±0.2 5.6±0.2§ 1.3±4.3  
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l)
 SP diet 3.8±0.2 3.5±0.2 4.2±0.3§ 11.3±5.6 0.14
 HP diet 3.7±0.2 3.5±0.2 3.7±0.2§ −0.2±6.1  
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l)
 SP diet 1.01±0.06 1.05±0.06 1.15±0.06§, 15.4±2.4 0.83
 HP diet 1.05±0.05 1.05±0.05 1.20±0.05§, 16.1±4.0