A PRELIMINARY programme has been received of the events in connection with the Franklin bi-centenary, which the American Philosophical Society will celebrate at Philadelphia on April 17–20. The opening ceremony will take place on April 17, when the president, Prof. Edgar Smith, will deliver an address. Numerous papers on subjects of science will be read on April 18 by distinguished American men of science. In addition to these, Sir George Darwin, K.C.B., F.R.S., will read a paper on the figure and stability of a liquid satellite, and Prof. Hugo de Vries, of Amsterdam, will deal with elementary species in agriculture. Addresses will be given during the evening of the same day by Prof. E. L. Nichols, on Franklin's researches in electricity, and Prof. E. Rutherford, F.R.S., on the modern theories of electricity and their relation to the Franklinian theory. On April 19 honorary degrees will conferred by the University of Pennsylvania, and an oration will be delivered by the Hon. Hampton L. Carson, Attorney-General of Pennsylvania. Ceremonies will be performed on this day at the grave of Franklin. On April addresses in commemoration of Franklin will be given by Dr. H. H. Furness, who will speak of him as citizen and philanthropist; Dr. C. W. Eliot will pronounce a eulogy of him as printer and philosopher; and Dr. J. H. Choate as statesman and diplomatist. The presentation of the Franklin medal to the Republic of France, in accordance with the Act of Congress, will be made by the Hon. Elihu Root, Secretary of State.

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