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High-Level Meteorological Stations1

Nature volume 52, pages 236237 | Download Citation



ONE of the greatest drawbacks to a full understanding of meteorological phenomena is that the observations on which we base our knowledge are generally made close to the ground in the most restricted air-stratum; whereas the general atmospheric movements, both in velocity and direction, are much modified in the lower strata, and the air surrounding and in contact with the earth differs greatly both in temperature and humidity from the free air. The more strongly agitated upper strata react on the lower in many ways, and a knowledge of the movement of the moderately high atmospheric layers is of great importance for the theory of the general circulation of the atmosphere, and practically for our weather forecasts, since the forces which develop storms have their origin and sphere of action within two or three miles of the earth.

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