The Fundamental Axioms of Dynamics

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MY reasons for holding that the fact that potential energy belongs to a system rather than a particle is hostile to the idea of the identity of energy, are briefly these. If two pieces of kinetic energy, are successively transformed and added to a system as potential energy, and then some of the potential energy is retransformed into kinetic, we cannot say which of the original kinetic energies thus makes its reappearance; for while both were potential they had no local habitation within the system, and so could not be distinguished from each other.

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DIXON, E. The Fundamental Axioms of Dynamics. Nature 48, 149 (1893) doi:10.1038/048149a0

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