Cutting a Millimetre Thread with an Inch Leading Screw

Abstract

IT is possible that many who possess a screw-cutting lathe with a leading screw of so many threads to the inch may wish to use it for cutting millimetre screws. While, of course, it is too much to expect that the absolute value of the millimetre, as given in terms of the inch, can be obtained by ordinary change wheels—and this is not of great importance, since, among other reasons, the two determinations of the value of the millimetre in inches differ by one part in a hundred thousand—yet it may not be well known that a most remarkable degree of accuracy may be obtained with wheels in ordinary use. After some trouble I lighted upon the following numbers, which, with a leading screw of eight threads to the inch, give as a result 25˙3968, whereas the inch is 25˙3995 millimetres. The wheels are 28 on mandril, 100 and 36 on stud, and 32 on screw. The error would therefore, with a perfect lathe, be less than one part in nine thousand, so that a screw cut in this way would for almost all purposes be correct; in fact, it is doubtful if in the case of short screws many lathes could be trusted to cut inch threads more accurately. For leading screws of other pitches, such as 4, 5, 6, or 10 threads to the inch, the wheels can easily be altered so as to give the same result.

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BOYS, C. Cutting a Millimetre Thread with an Inch Leading Screw. Nature 43, 439–440 (1891) doi:10.1038/043439c0

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