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[Book Reviews]


THIS little book will be found to form a most useful supplement to the works on geography published in the same series. In it an excellent brief account is given concerning the history of maps from the records of the Egyptians down to the present day. Then follow various methods of making surveys, including descriptions of the various instruments employed, such as the prismatic compass theodolite, sextant, &c. In the section on the globes, a short summary is given of ancient and curious globes, succeeding which are descriptions showing how latitudes and longitudes, day and night, &c., are measured, also the principles of great circle sailing. Part iv. deals with map-drawing, in which a brief but plain description is given of the various methods of projection, such as orthographic, gnomonic, stereographic, conical, &c.; reference also is made to the different symbols used in map-drawing. The last two parts treat of map copying and memory-maps, of which the latter will be found of great importance, for, by using the method adopted, and carrying out the suggestions, the learner may remember much that might otherwise be forgotten.

Maps and Map-Drawing.

By William A. Elderton. “Macmillan's Geographical Series.” (London: Macmillan and Co., 1890.)

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[Book Reviews]. Nature 43, 196–197 (1891).

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