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The Earthquake of Tokio, April 18, 1889

Abstract

READING the report on this earthquake in NATURE (June 13, p. 162), I was struck by its coincidence in time with a very singular perturbation registered by two delicate horizontal pendulums at the Observatories of Potsdam and Wilhelmshaven. These instruments, which represent, with some modification, Prof. Zöllner's horizontal pendulum, were established in March 1889, for studying the slight movements of the ground. The motion of the pendulum, which is left to oscillate freely whenever its equilibrium is disturbed, is registered by the same photographic method as that employed for magnetic observations. The pendulum is in the plane of the meridian, so that any shock, the direction of which is not in this plane, will produce oscillations of the pendulum, diminishing gradually, if it is left undisturbed after the shock. The pillars supporting the instruments are fixed in a depth of 1 metre below the ground of the cellar which was chosen as a suitable place for the erection of the instrument.

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VON REBEUR-PASCHWITZ, E. The Earthquake of Tokio, April 18, 1889. Nature 40, 294–295 (1889). https://doi.org/10.1038/040294e0

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