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    Naturevolume 32pages553554 (1885) | Download Citation



    THE SATELLITES OF URANUS AND NEPTUNE.—In Appendices I. and II. of the Washington Observations for 1881, Prof. Asaph Hall has published the results of his investigation of the orbits of the outer satellites of Uranus, Oberon and Titania, and the satellite of Neptune. The satellites of Uranus were amongst the first objects observed with the 26-inch refractor of the Naval Observatory, after it was mounted in November, 1873. The first series during the oppositions of 1874 and 1875 were discussed by Prof. Newcomb, with the view to the determination of the mass of the planet, and the formation of tables of the motions of the satellites, which were published in the Washington Observations for 1873. Remarking that as the earth would be nearly in the plane of the orbits in the year 1882, and observations made about that year would probably afford a good determination of the position of this plane, Prof. Hall commenced a new series in March, 1881, which were continued through the four oppositions until the end of May, 1884; these observations were made with magnifiers of 606 and 888; in fair conditions of the atmosphere the outer satellites are stated to be easily observable with the Washington instrument. A comparison of the measures with Prof. Newcomb's tables showed that those tables required but small corrections, which were found by equations of condition in the usual manner. It should be mentioned that the tables were founded mainly upon Prof. Newcomb's own measures; those by Prof. Hall in the years 1875 and 1876 are included in his recent discussion.

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