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Societies and Academies

    Abstract

    PARIS Academy of Sciences, September 15.—M. Rolland, President, in the chair.—Address delivered at the inauguration of ihe Fresnel Monument at Broglie, by M. Jamin.—Remarks on algebraic equations, in connection with a communication from M. de Jonquières on the application of geometry to algebra, by M. Léon Lalanne.—Note on the two methods, proposed by Hamilton and Sylvester, for resolving the linear equation in quaternions, by Prof. Sylvester.—On the composition and properties of the light emitted by insects of the Pyrophore genus, by MM. Aubert and Raph. Dubois. Examined under the spectroscope, the spectrum of this light appeared very beautiful, continuous, and destitute alike of very bright and dark bands. It occupied about seventy-five divisions of the micrometer, extending on the red side to the centre of the interval separating the A and B rays of the solar spectrum, and on the side of the blue a little beyond the F ray. When its intensity diminishes, the red and orange disappear altogether, the spectrum being then reduced to the green with a little yellow and red, the green persisting longest. The reverse takes place when the insect begins to glow. Thus the least refrangible rays are the last to be emitted, a result hitherto observed in the spectrum of no other luminous body, except to a limited extent in that of the sulphide of strontium. Examined to ascertain its photo-chemical properties, this light showed a feeble display of the phosphorescence of the sulphide of calcium.—Remarks on a singular case of deformation in the images observed through telescopes, by M. Govi.

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