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    American Journal of Science, May 1884.—Remarks on Prof. Newcomb's “Rejoinder,” in connection with his review of “Climate and Time,” by Dr. James Croll.—Communications from the United States Geological Survey, Rocky Mountain Division, VI.—On an interesting variety of Löllingite and other minerals (one illustration), by W. F. Hillebrand. Amongst the ores analysed by the author there is one from the Missouri Mine, Park County, Colorado, which he thinks may probably be a new mineral. It is composed largely of a sulphobismuthite of copper and silver, and occurs in a quartz gangue associated with chalcopyrite and wolframite.—Notes on American earthquakes, with tabulated record of seismic disturbances in every part of the continent during the year 1883, by Prof. C. G. Rockwood.—Thermometer exposure, by H. A. Hazen. The paper is chiefly occupied with questions relating to the locality in large regions where the thermometer should be exposed in order to obtain the most trustworthy results, and to the immediate environment of the thermometer best calculated to fulfil the same requirement. There are several comparative tables of results obtained with various instruments under varying conditions of time, aspect, and altitude.—Hillocks of angular gravel and disturbed stratification associated with glacial phenomena (four illustrations), by T. C. Chamberlain. The paper deals especially with the kames or eskers analogous to the osars of Sweden, occurring in various parts of New Hampshire, Massachusetts, New York, and Wisconsin. The author infers from their inherent characteristics and their association with morainic belts, that the gravel hills in question were formed, not by beach action, but by numerous marginal streams along the edge of the great ice sheet during the Glacial period. Extinct glaciers of the San Juan Mountains, Colorado, by R. C. Hills.—On the gender of names of varieties and subspecies in botanical nomenclature, by Asa Gray.—On secondary enlargements of feldspar fragments in certain Keweenawan sandstones (four illustrations), by C. A. Vanhise.—Principal characters of American cretaceous Pterodactyls, part 1., the skull of Ptera-nodon (with plate), by Prof. O. C. Marsh. The skull of these Pterodactyls from the Middle Chalk, West Kansas, is described as differing from that of other known Pterosauria in the absence of teeth and of anterior nasal apertures distinct from the ant-orbital openings; in the presence of the elongated occipital crest; lastly, in the whole jaws, which appear to have been covered with a horny sheath, as in recent birds. All belong to the genus Pteranodon, some of the species of which were of prodigious size, with a spread of wings of about twenty-five feet. Remains of over six hundred individuals are now in the museum of Yale College.

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