Morphology of the Temnopleuridæ


THE following is an abstract of a communication read before the Linnean Society, Dec. 15, 1881:—The Temnopleuridæ, a sub-family of oligopores, are remarkable for their sutural grooves and depressions at the angles of the plates. The author examined the grooves and depressions or pits in Saimacis sulcata, Agass, and found that these last are continued into the test as flask shaped cavities sometimes continuous at their bases which are close to the inside of the test, but do not perforate. This is the case in the median vertical sutures of the interradium and ambulacrum. Between the interradium and the poriferous plates of the ambulacra are numerous pits in vertical series which are the ends of cylinders closed and often curved within. Altogether the undermining is considerable. The grooves over the sutural margins are losses to the thickness of the test. The edges of the contiguous plates are sutured together, by a multitude of knobs and sockets 1/300 of an inch in diameter visible with a hand lens. In the vertical sutures there is an alternate development of knobs and sockets on each plate corresponding to a similar development on the opposed plates. Between the horizontal plate edges are sutures remarkable in their distinctness and position. The apical edges of the interradial plates have multitudes of sockets and the actinal edges, knobs: whilst the apical edges of the ambulacra! plates have knobs and the actinal have sockets. The ambulacra, on their interradial edge have nothing but knobs and the interradial plates corresponding sockets, so that a great series of knobs and socket “dowelling”prevails. Temnopleurus torematicus, Agass., gave similar results modified by the great development of the grooves and the young form was shown to differ from the adult, and to have rows of knobs and sockets, and barely penetrating pits. The arrangement in Salmacis bicolor and Amblypneustes ovum was considered. The pits have an importance for they increase the superficies of the derm and near the peristome, as indicated by Loven, they contain Sphœridia.

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DUNCAN, P. Morphology of the Temnopleuridæ . Nature 25, 257 (1882).

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