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Geographical Notes

Nature volume 23, page 210 | Download Citation



THE glacier of the Byeloukher Mountain, the chief summit of the Siberian or Great Altay, which has not been visited by men of science during the last fifty years, was recently explored by an expedition engaged in the study of the life of the West Siberian natives. After having crossed the 9000 feet high Alps of the Tchouya, the explorers descended into the pretty and wealthy broad valley of the Tchouya, whence, following the Arkhyt River, they soon reached the foot of the mighty Berel glacier. The glacier, which forms in its lower parts a mer de glace two miles long and 2800 feet wide, was accurately explored and surveyed during a week by the expedition from its lower end to a great ice-fall, where the travellers were compelled to stop their work before a moving wall of ice, while mighty masses of snow fell, one after the other, on the glacier from the neighbouring mountains. After having surveyed the glacier and made several drawings of the severe scenery which it affords, the travellers returned to the valley of Ouimon, and thence to the civilised towns.

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