On Some Improved Methods of Producing and Regulating Electric Light 1

Abstract

IN a former communication to the Society I directed attention to the fact that when the electric light is produced from the ends of two carbon pencils placed parallel to each other, if the strength of the electric current, the thickness of the carbons, and the distance between them are rightly proportioned, the carbons will burn steadily downwards until they are wholly consumed, without any insulating material between them. To initiate the light by this method, it is necessary to complete the electric circuit between the carbons by means of some conducting substance, which volatilises on the passage of the current, and establishes the electric arc between the points.

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