Societies and Academies



    Linnean Society, Feb. 3.-Dr. G. J. Allman, F.R.S., president, in the chair.-William Hillhouse, Prof. E. R. Lankester, Daniel Pigeon, and David Robertson were elected Fellows of the Society. The following were proposed as Foreign members: Dr. Nylander, Professor of Botany, Helsingfors, and J. V. Barboza du Bocage, Direc. Roy, Zool. Mus., Lisbon.-Mr. Algernon Peckover exhibited a case of insects from Madagascar, collected by Mr. Kingdon. Among these Mr. Butler pointed out and made remarks on the scarce and remarkable Actias Idas of Felder's “Reise der Novara,” the new Hawk-Moth, Dwdo-ada sp., allied to a Congo species, also D. fumosa, Wallace, the Danais chrysippus, L., and its mimic, Diadema misippus, L., likewise a Homopterous genus allied to Ceomoscarta, oi Stal.- Mr. Henry Trimen read a note on ??a commersonii, R.Br. He observed that the supposition of Commerson having obtained the type at Magellan Straits is founded on an error; Mr. Rob. Brown regarded it as belonging to the Seychelles. Mr. C. Walter has quite lately discovered specimens growing on coral cliffs in the Duke of York's Island, which, through the Baron von Miieller, of Melbourne, have been forwarded to this country for identification. The probability is that Commerson himself obtained his examples in 1768 from the same locality; its true habitat afterwards having been confounded from the name "Praslin,” attached to the original specimen, being given to widely different places.-Mr. Bowdler Sharpe read a paper on the geographical distribution of the vultures (Vulturidie). These he divides into two sub-families Vulturinse, with six genera, and Sarcorhamphinje, with four genera, the distinctive characters and geographical range of which were commented on. The author likewise sketched out the classification of the birds of prey, as proposed by him in recent publications.-A short paper on New British Lichens, by the Rev. W. A. Leighton, was taken as read; in this six new species are described and figured.-The Rev. J. M. Crombie made some observations on two communications laid by him before the Society, viz., (l) Lichenes capenses, being an enumeration of the lichens collected at the Cape of Good Hope, by the Rev. A. E. Eaton, during the Venus Transit Expedition in 1874. (2) Lichenes Jiergueleni, being an enumeration of the lichens collected in Kerguelen Land by the Rev. A. E. Eaton during the Venus Transit Expedition in 1874-5.

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