Theoretical nuclear physics

Theoretical nuclear physics is the development of models for describing the nucleus and the processes that occur within it. This includes understanding the shape of the nucleus, or why nuclei with certain numbers (so-called magic numbers) of protons or neutrons are more stable than others.

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    Spectral study on 36,37,38Ca isotopes and calculations based on density functional theory reveal the interplay between charge radii and nucleonic pairing correlations.

    • A. J. Miller
    • , K. Minamisono
    • , A. Klose
    • , D. Garand
    • , C. Kujawa
    • , J. D. Lantis
    • , Y. Liu
    • , B. Maaß
    • , P. F. Mantica
    • , W. Nazarewicz
    • , W. Nörtershäuser
    • , S. V. Pineda
    • , P.-G. Reinhard
    • , D. M. Rossi
    • , F. Sommer
    • , C. Sumithrarachchi
    • , A. Teigelhöfer
    •  & J. Watkins
  • Research |

    The magnetic moment of the neutron-rich exotic 75Cu nucleus is measured using rare isotope beams with a high spin alignment, clarifying how the evolution of the nuclear shell and the shape deformations are connected.

    • Y. Ichikawa
    • , H. Nishibata
    • , Y. Tsunoda
    • , A. Takamine
    • , K. Imamura
    • , T. Fujita
    • , T. Sato
    • , S. Momiyama
    • , Y. Shimizu
    • , D. S. Ahn
    • , K. Asahi
    • , H. Baba
    • , D. L. Balabanski
    • , F. Boulay
    • , J. M. Daugas
    • , T. Egami
    • , N. Fukuda
    • , C. Funayama
    • , T. Furukawa
    • , G. Georgiev
    • , A. Gladkov
    • , N. Inabe
    • , Y. Ishibashi
    • , T. Kawaguchi
    • , T. Kawamura
    • , Y. Kobayashi
    • , S. Kojima
    • , A. Kusoglu
    • , I. Mukul
    • , M. Niikura
    • , T. Nishizaka
    • , A. Odahara
    • , Y. Ohtomo
    • , T. Otsuka
    • , D. Ralet
    • , G. S. Simpson
    • , T. Sumikama
    • , H. Suzuki
    • , H. Takeda
    • , L. C. Tao
    • , Y. Togano
    • , D. Tominaga
    • , H. Ueno
    • , H. Yamazaki
    •  & X. F. Yang
  • Research | | open

    Thermonuclear fusion of nuclei of deuterium and tritium may provide the energy for the future and spin polarization is a potential mechanism for enhancing the nuclear reaction. Here the authors predict the enhanced DT fusion rate using chiral effective field theory and ab initio calculations.

    • Guillaume Hupin
    • , Sofia Quaglioni
    •  & Petr Navrátil
  • Research |

    Spectroscopy and shell model calculations reveal the 181Hg isotope as the endpoint of the shape-staggering of Hg nuclei, a consequence of neutron removal which arises from the interplay of single-particle and collective degrees of freedom.

    • B. A. Marsh
    • , T. Day Goodacre
    • , S. Sels
    • , Y. Tsunoda
    • , B. Andel
    • , A. N. Andreyev
    • , N. A. Althubiti
    • , D. Atanasov
    • , A. E. Barzakh
    • , J. Billowes
    • , K. Blaum
    • , T. E. Cocolios
    • , J. G. Cubiss
    • , J. Dobaczewski
    • , G. J. Farooq-Smith
    • , D. V. Fedorov
    • , V. N. Fedosseev
    • , K. T. Flanagan
    • , L. P. Gaffney
    • , L. Ghys
    • , M. Huyse
    • , S. Kreim
    • , D. Lunney
    • , K. M. Lynch
    • , V. Manea
    • , Y. Martinez Palenzuela
    • , P. L. Molkanov
    • , T. Otsuka
    • , A. Pastore
    • , M. Rosenbusch
    • , R. E. Rossel
    • , S. Rothe
    • , L. Schweikhard
    • , M. D. Seliverstov
    • , P. Spagnoletti
    • , C. Van Beveren
    • , P. Van Duppen
    • , M. Veinhard
    • , E. Verstraelen
    • , A. Welker
    • , K. Wendt
    • , F. Wienholtz
    • , R. N. Wolf
    • , A. Zadvornaya
    •  & K. Zuber
    Nature Physics 14, 1163-1167

News and Comment

  • News and Views |

    Mercury isotopes are unique in exhibiting dramatic differences in their nuclear shapes. The analysis of over more than twenty Hg isotopes now shows that this follows from the influence of single-particle effects on the collective properties of a nucleus.

    • Paul Cottle
    •  & Kirby Kemper
    Nature Physics 14, 1158-1159
  • News and Views |

    Ab initio calculations of an atomic nucleus with 48 nucleons set a benchmark for computational nuclear physics and provide new insights into the properties of the atomic nucleus and strongly interacting matter.

    • Daniel P. Watts
    Nature Physics 12, 116-117
  • News and Views |

    A recent experiment has provided tantalizing evidence in favour of the elusive 'giant pairing vibration' — an exotic excitation of the atomic nucleus.

    • Jorge Piekarewicz
    Nature Physics 11, 303-304
  • News and Views |

    Powerful γ-ray detectors are revealing fresh details about the interior of the nucleus, focusing initially on cases where there is a large excess of neutrons and edging towards the neutron drip-line limit.

    • Philip Walker
    Nature Physics 10, 338-339