T cells

T cells are white blood cells that are important for adaptive immunity. They have unique cell surface receptors that are generated by randomly assorting genes. These receptors allow T cells to sense and respond to diverse types of infection.

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Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research | | open

    Autoreactive T cells are suspected to destroy hypocretin-producing neurons in narcolepsy. Here the authors detect CD8 T cells recognizing narcolepsy-related proteins in healthy individuals and in patients with narcolepsy, and show that the frequency of self-reactive CD8 T cells differs between patients and controls sharing the same HLA-II risk allele.

    • Natasja Wulff Pedersen
    • , Anja Holm
    • , Nikolaj Pagh Kristensen
    • , Anne-Mette Bjerregaard
    • , Amalie Kai Bentzen
    • , Andrea Marion Marquard
    • , Tripti Tamhane
    • , Kristoffer Sølvsten Burgdorf
    • , Henrik Ullum
    • , Poul Jennum
    • , Stine Knudsen
    • , Sine Reker Hadrup
    •  & Birgitte Rahbek Kornum
  • Research |

    Exhausted cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) express the receptor PD-1 as a key signature. Haining and colleagues show that there are different ‘depths’ of exhaustion with a subset of exhausted CTLs that retain polyfunctionality and are responsive to PD-1 blockade.

    • Brian C. Miller
    • , Debattama R. Sen
    • , Rose Al Abosy
    • , Kevin Bi
    • , Yamini V. Virkud
    • , Martin W. LaFleur
    • , Kathleen B. Yates
    • , Ana Lako
    • , Kristen Felt
    • , Girish S. Naik
    • , Michael Manos
    • , Evisa Gjini
    • , Juhi R. Kuchroo
    • , Jeffrey J. Ishizuka
    • , Jenna L. Collier
    • , Gabriel K. Griffin
    • , Seth Maleri
    • , Dawn E. Comstock
    • , Sarah A. Weiss
    • , Flavian D. Brown
    • , Arpit Panda
    • , Margaret D. Zimmer
    • , Robert T. Manguso
    • , F. Stephen Hodi
    • , Scott J. Rodig
    • , Arlene H. Sharpe
    •  & W. Nicholas Haining
    Nature Immunology 20, 326-336
  • Research | | open

    The immune checkpoint molecule PD-1 is expressed on a fraction of CD4+ T cells latently infected with HIV, but whether PD-1 plays a functional role in reservoir persistence remains unknown. Here, Fromentin et al. show that PD-1 blockade potentiates latency reversal ex vivo in CD4+ T cells from ART suppressed individuals.

    • Rémi Fromentin
    • , Sandrina DaFonseca
    • , Cecilia T. Costiniuk
    • , Mohamed El-Far
    • , Francesco Andrea Procopio
    • , Frederick M. Hecht
    • , Rebecca Hoh
    • , Steven G. Deeks
    • , Daria J. Hazuda
    • , Sharon R. Lewin
    • , Jean-Pierre Routy
    • , Rafick-Pierre Sékaly
    •  & Nicolas Chomont
  • Research |

    Stemness is crucial for the maintenance of long-term T cell memory. Gattinoni and colleagues demonstrate that the transcription factor c-Myb is essential for the establishment of a stemness program in the CD8+ T cell memory compartment.

    • Sanjivan Gautam
    • , Jessica Fioravanti
    • , Wei Zhu
    • , John B. Le Gall
    • , Philip Brohawn
    • , Neal E. Lacey
    • , Jinhui Hu
    • , James D. Hocker
    • , Nga Voong Hawk
    • , Veena Kapoor
    • , William G. Telford
    • , Devikala Gurusamy
    • , Zhiya Yu
    • , Avinash Bhandoola
    • , Hai-Hui Xue
    • , Rahul Roychoudhuri
    • , Brandon W. Higgs
    • , Nicholas P. Restifo
    • , Timothy P. Bender
    • , Yun Ji
    •  & Luca Gattinoni
    Nature Immunology 20, 337-349

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