Surgical oncology

Definition

Surgical oncology is the branch of medicine that focuses on the use of surgery to treat patients with cancer.

Latest Research and Reviews

News and Comment

  • Comments and Opinion |

    A multidisciplinary approach is essential for the optimization of patient care in oncology, especially in the current landscape, in which standard-of-care approaches to cancer treatment are evolving towards highly targeted treatments, precise image guidance and personalized cancer therapy. Herein, the authors discuss current career development pathways for oncologists, suggesting strategies to improve clinical training and research, with specific emphasis on the involvement of trainees in multidisciplinary teams.

    • Alison C. Tree
    • , Victoria Harding
    • , Aneel Bhangu
    • , Venkatesh Krishnasamy
    • , Dion Morton
    • , Justin Stebbing
    • , Bradford J. Wood
    •  & Ricky A. Sharma
  • Comments and Opinion |

    Patients with advanced-stage ovarian cancer are widely believed to have a dismal prognosis; however, around 20% of women with this disease survive beyond 12 years after treatment and are effectively cured. In this Perspectives, Steven Narod presents the case that this proportion could be substantially increased through the combination of maximal debulking surgery and intraperitoneal chemotherapy.

    • Steven Narod
  • News and Views |

    Surgeons should promote the best standard of surgical care through evidence-based results from prospective trials. European surgical investigators, in this issue of the journal, highlight the difficulties in patient accrual to surgical trials, patient and physician biases, and referral and quality assurance hurdles. We expand on these points and suggest some solutions.

    • Charles M. Balch
    • , Heidi Nelson
    •  & John E. Niederhuber
  • Comments and Opinion |

    Conducting high-quality prospective clinical trials in surgical oncology remains a challenge. The authors of this Perspectives examine some of the failures in published surgical oncology trials and discuss why they failed, and provide a critical assessment of the established prospective trial methodology in oncological practice and how these methods might be used more effectively in future evaluation of cancer-surgery practice.

    • Serge Evrard
    • , Pippa McKelvie-Sebileau
    • , Cornelis van de Velde
    • , Bernard Nordlinger
    •  & Graeme Poston