Thank you for visiting nature.com. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer).
The striate cortex is the part of the visual cortex that is involved in processing visual information. The striate cortex is the first cortical visual area that receives input from the lateral geniculate nucleus in the thalamus.
Mapping the organization of excitatory inputs onto the dendritic spines of individual mouse visual cortex neurons reveals how inputs representing features from the extended visual scene are organized and establishes a computational unit suited to amplify contours and elongated edges.
Orientation selectivity in visual cortex is not simply the result of linear input summation. Instead, selectivity is enhanced by nonlinear dendritic transformation of spatially clustered, cotuned synaptic inputs.
The most complete single-neuron transcriptome database of the mouse visual cortex was performed using a large collection of reporter mouse lines. Results highlight the unmatched neuronal diversity of the cerebral cortex.
Homeostatic mechanisms that maintain the firing rate of neurons in the visual cortex of rats within a stable range occur primarily during active wake and return the firing rates of individual cells to cell-specific set points.
Previous work has suggested that cortical recurrent circuits can self-sustain their activity without thalamic input. A study now demonstrates that this is not the case in the awake brain, which tightly locks cortical timing to thalamic activity.