Solar physics

Solar physics is the study of the fundamental processes occurring in the sun. Primarily this is related to the dynamics of plasmas and their interplay with the sun’s magnetic fields, and how these processes vary in different regions of the sun, from its core to the surrounding corona.

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    LOFAR radio observations, complemented by ultraviolet and visible light images, of the powerful class-X8.2 solar flare of 10 September 2017 pinpoint the location of multiple shock signatures of electron beams (herringbones) along the expanding coronal mass ejection.

    • Diana E. Morosan
    • , Eoin P. Carley
    • , Laura A. Hayes
    • , Sophie A. Murray
    • , Pietro Zucca
    • , Richard A. Fallows
    • , Joe McCauley
    • , Emilia K. J. Kilpua
    • , Gottfried Mann
    • , Christian Vocks
    •  & Peter T. Gallagher
  • Research | | open

    Various physical mechanisms are proposed to explain the heating observed in turbulent astrophysical plasmas. Here, Chen et al. find a signature consistent with one of these mechanisms, electron Landau damping, by applying a field-particle correlation technique to in situ spacecraft data of turbulence in the Earth’s magnetosheath.

    • C. H. K. Chen
    • , K. G. Klein
    •  & G. G. Howes
  • Research | | open

    Magnetic reconnection is the process of releasing energy by magnetized and space plasma. Here the authors report experimental observation of magnetic reconnection in laser-produced plasma and the role of electron scaling on reconnection.

    • Y. Kuramitsu
    • , T. Moritaka
    • , Y. Sakawa
    • , T. Morita
    • , T. Sano
    • , M. Koenig
    • , C. D. Gregory
    • , N. Woolsey
    • , K. Tomita
    • , H. Takabe
    • , Y. L. Liu
    • , S. H. Chen
    • , S. Matsukiyo
    •  & M. Hoshino
  • Research |

    A state-of-the-art magnetohydrodynamic simulation of a solar flare from emergence to eruption is able to reproduce observations at visible, UV and X-ray wavelengths, and suggests that non-thermal particles at high energy may play a less prominent role than usually assumed in flare models.

    • M. C. M. Cheung
    • , M. Rempel
    • , G. Chintzoglou
    • , F. Chen
    • , P. Testa
    • , J. Martínez-Sykora
    • , A. Sainz Dalda
    • , M. L. DeRosa
    • , A. Malanushenko
    • , V. Hansteen
    • , B. De Pontieu
    • , M. Carlsson
    • , B. Gudiksen
    •  & S. W. McIntosh
    Nature Astronomy 3, 160-166

News and Comment

  • Comments and Opinion |

    Harry Cliff, a particle physicist, a Fellow of Modern Science at the Science Museum in London and the main curator of The Sun: Living with our Star, discusses the exhibition with Nature Astronomy.

    • Marios Karouzos
    •  & Luca Maltagliati
    Nature Astronomy 3, 112-113
  • Comments and Opinion |

    There are efforts to establish a modern astronomical observatory on Timor Island, East Nusa Tenggara in Indonesia. This future observatory aims to answer fundamental astronomical questions and to strengthen the nation through education, research, science and technology.

    • Emanuel Sungging Mumpuni
    • , Lucky Puspitarini
    • , Rhorom Priyatikanto
    • , Clara Y. Yatini
    •  & Mahasena Putra
    Nature Astronomy 2, 930-932
  • Comments and Opinion |

    After 60 years of technological and materials development, in August this year the Parker Solar Probe set off on its journey to skim the atmosphere of the Sun. Mission Scientist Adam Szabo summarizes this ambitious adventure.

    • Adam Szabo
  • Correspondence |

    • I. R. Mann
    • , L. G. Ozeke
    • , S. K. Morley
    • , K. R. Murphy
    • , S. G. Claudepierre
    • , D. L. Turner
    • , D. N. Baker
    • , I. J. Rae
    • , A. Kale
    • , D. K. Milling
    • , A. J. Boyd
    • , H. E. Spence
    • , H. J. Singer
    • , S. Dimitrakoudis
    • , I. A. Daglis
    •  & F. Honary
    Nature Physics 14, 103-104