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Mangroves are important carbon-rich biomes, but their long-term impact on the global carbon cycle is relatively unknown. Here, the authors show that the Oligo–Miocene mangroves in the South China Sea stored in excess of 4,000 Gt, demonstrating the long-term impact of mangroves on carbon storage.
The Cambrian evolution of burrowing species is thought to have facilitated sediment mixing. However, sediment fabrics suggest that bioturbation remained insignificant until the appearance of more efficient sediment mixers in the Silurian.
Temporal variations in coarse river deposits are often attributed to climate change. Cosmogenic nuclide concentrations of river cobbles suggest that climate plays a subordinate role to earthquake-induced landslides in producing coarse sediments in arid Peru.