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Rings and moons are the matter that orbit a celestial body other than a star. Rings are a collection of dust or small particles that form into a flat disk. Moons, or natural satellites, are much larger single bodies. Large moons can themselves support rings.
Icy planets and moons could become habitable as their host stars brighten and their ice melts. Climate simulations instead show a rapid transition from a snowball to an inhospitable greenhouse climate with significant water loss.
Total solar eclipses are a unique opportunity to study the lower solar corona where the solar wind originates. This review presents the recent advancements in coronal science from eclipses and the scientific and outreach plans for this year's totality.
Cassini’s camera observed Titan from orbit at different angles (0–166°) and found that the planet looks brighter towards the night than at midday. This effect, linked to the scattering properties of Titanian haze, can also be present in exoplanets.
Liquid methane lakes dot Titan’s polar regions. Numerical models reveal that the creation of buoyant bubbles through nitrogen exsolution near the bed of the Ligeia Mare lake can explain transient brightenings observed by Cassini on the lake’s surface.
Cassini has been a pinnacle of our quest for the understanding of the space around us. Its end symbolically marks the beginning of a period of relative dearth for Solar System exploration, but planetary science won’t stop thriving.