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Publically funded energy technology research is critical for a successful low–carbon energy transition, but future uncertainty means decision–making is difficult. This Review explores the role of expert elicitations, integrated assessment models and decision frameworks in informing energy technology policy.
The US National Labs will continue to play a crucial role in developing energy science and technology, yet their operation is not without its problems. Anadon et al. discuss the challenges faced by the Labs and propose changes that can help them to better meet their goals.
Data-driven analytical techniques can quantify the expected return of alternative research efforts relative to their cost, and can be used to prioritize research investments as shown here for hazard classification of some nanomaterials.
A lack of entrepreneurial behaviour has often been identified as a contributor to the decline in the research and development (R&D) productivity of the pharmaceutical industry. Douglas and colleagues present an assessment of entrepreneurship in the industry, based on interviews with 26 former and current leaders of R&D departments at pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies, highlighting factors that could be important in promoting entrepreneurial behaviour and revitalizing R&D productivity.