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Reproductive biology involves the scientific study of the reproductive system. Improved understanding of reproductive biology can lead to new treatments for reproductive disorders, such as infertility.
Low-intensity extracorporeal shockwave therapy (Li-ESWT) has gained popularity as a noninvasive treatment for erectile dysfunction (ED), with the potential to cure, rather than simply provide symptomatic relief. However, the quality of data regarding this treatment option is variable, and drawing conclusions is a challenge. In this Review, a team of expert authors describe the rationale and potential mechanisms of Li-ESWT for ED and discuss the available evidence for its clinical use.
Sexuality is an important aspect of existence and a fulfilling intimate life can be a facilitator of well-being, self-esteem, and general resilience. Moreover, it can strengthen coping, adherence, and survivorship skills of chronically ill patients. Health-care professionals should, therefore, routinely address issues of sex and intimacy.
A recent advance has led to the development of microfluidically linked microphysiological culture systems that mimic the complex dynamics and interdependent physiology of the various organs that comprise the female reproductive tract. This microfluidic culture platform offers an unprecedented way to study female reproductive biology and develop new reproductive therapeutics.