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Plant development is the process by which structures originate and mature as a plant grows. Plants produce new tissues and structures throughout their life from clusters of undifferentiated cells called meristems.
A rise in cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration is a well-described response of plant cells to mechanical stimulation. Here the authors show that the DEK1 protein, which is essential for epidermis specification and development in plants, is required for triggering a mechanically-activated Ca2+ channel.
The VRS genes of barley control the fertility of the lateral spikelets on the barley inflorescence. Here, Bull et al. show that VRS3 encodes a putative Jumonji C-type histone demethylase that regulates expression of other VRS genes, and genes involved in stress, hormone and sugar metabolism.
Semi-dwarf cereal varieties have greatly increased crop yields due to their reduced stature, but they also reduce individual spike (ear) size. However, these traits appear to be regulated by distinct pathways, opening new opportunities to develop higher yielding crops.
The nitrate signalling pathway now has a backbone. CPK calcium-dependent kinases are the long-awaited molecular link between major players in this pathway, the membrane-located nitrate transceptor NRT1.1 and the NLP transcription factors.