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Apple is one of the most important fruit crops. Here, the authors perform deep genome resequencing of 117 diverse accessions and reveal comprehensive models of apple origin, speciation, domestication, and fruit size evolution as well as candidate genes associated with important agronomic traits.
A high-quality sunflower genome provides insight into Asterid genome evolution. Moreover, integrative analyses based on quantitative genetics, expression and diversity data uncover the gene networks and candidate genes for oil metabolism and flowering time, two important agronomic traits for sunflowers.
A long and almost uncrossable distance separates fundamental plant research carried out predominantly in rich countries, and the production of better crops in the fields of poor farmers from developing regions. A unique network of international organizations involved in global agriculture helps bridge that chasm.