Physics

  • Article
    | Open Access

    Identifying reacting species locally with nanometer precision is a major challenge in electrochemical surface science. Using operando Raman nanoscopy, authors image the reversible, concurrent formation of nanometer-spatially separated Au2O3 and Au2O species during Au nanodefect oxidation.

    • Jonas H. K. Pfisterer
    • , Masoud Baghernejad
    • , Giovanni Giuzio
    •  & Katrin F. Domke
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Glioblastoma cells are known to be able to adapt easily to different environments. The authors study the dynamic adaptation of glioblastoma cells to the heterogenous brain tumor microenvironment, showing that tumor cells demonstrate varying plasticity of their transcriptomic profiles and an ability to survive new stimuli, in part, by propagating stochastic perturbations over their gene-regulatory network.

    • Orieta Celiku
    • , Mark R. Gilbert
    •  & Orit Lavi
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Here, the authors report parametric down-conversion of X-rays into long wavelength radiation in gallium arsenide and lithium niobate crystals, with efficiencies about 4 orders of magnitude stronger than the efficiencies measured in any material studied previously. They explore the lack of inversion symmetry as a possible physical mechanism.

    • S. Sofer
    • , O. Sefi
    • , E. Strizhevsky
    • , H. Aknin
    • , S. P. Collins
    • , G. Nisbet
    • , B. Detlefs
    • , Ch. J. Sahle
    •  & S. Shwartz
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Atomic clocks are based on the frequency of optical transitions and offer high precision. Here the authors demonstrate a configuration crossing in the highly charged ion praseodymium (Pr$${}^{9+}$$9+) and determine the frequency of a potential reference transition for a highly charged ion clock.

    • H. Bekker
    • , A. Borschevsky
    • , Z. Harman
    • , C. H. Keitel
    • , T. Pfeifer
    • , P. O. Schmidt
    • , J. R. Crespo López-Urrutia
    •  & J. C. Berengut
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Mathematical approaches for simultaneous characterisation of localized and extended fields in optical signals are not well developed. Here, the authors demonstrate the application of the Nonlinear Fourier transform approach based on the Zakharov-Shabat spectral problem for the analysis of fibre laser radiation.

    • Srikanth Sugavanam
    • , Morteza Kamalian Kopae
    • , Junsong Peng
    • , Jaroslaw E. Prilepsky
    •  & Sergei K. Turitsyn
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Charge and thermal transport in low-dimensional and mesoscopic systems exhibit significant deviation from classical behaviour. Here the authors study quantitatively how heat flow in a quantum circuit is affected by thermal shot noise and Coulomb interactions.

    • E. Sivre
    • , H. Duprez
    • , A. Anthore
    • , A. Aassime
    • , F. D. Parmentier
    • , A. Cavanna
    • , A. Ouerghi
    • , U. Gennser
    •  & F. Pierre
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Although microrobotic swarms are attractive for biomedical applications, controlling their collective movement in specific bio-fluids is difficult. Here, the authors report navigated locomotion and collective behaviors of magnetic field- and medium-induced micro-robotic swarms in various bio-fluids.

    • Jiangfan Yu
    • , Dongdong Jin
    • , Kai-Fung Chan
    • , Qianqian Wang
    • , Ke Yuan
    •  & Li Zhang
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Semiconductor quantum dots are controlled by external fields that are tuned in order to optimise for information storage or inter-qubit interaction. Here the authors identify a working point for long-range interactions that can be reached with continuous protection from environmental noise.

    • J. C. Abadillo-Uriel
    • , M. A. Eriksson
    • , S. N. Coppersmith
    •  & Mark Friesen
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Fabricating defect-free micro- and nano-circuits over large scales with controlled interconnections remains a challenge. Here, Bollani et al. show a dewetting strategy for engineering arrays of parallel Si-based nanowires up to 0.75 mm and complex interconnected circuits of monocrystalline Si on a chip.

    • Monica Bollani
    • , Marco Salvalaglio
    • , Abdennacer Benali
    • , Mohammed Bouabdellaoui
    • , Meher Naffouti
    • , Mario Lodari
    • , Stefano Di Corato
    • , Alexey Fedorov
    • , Axel Voigt
    • , Ibtissem Fraj
    • , Luc Favre
    • , Jean Benoit Claude
    • , David Grosso
    • , Giuseppe Nicotra
    • , Antonio Mio
    • , Antoine Ronda
    • , Isabelle Berbezier
    •  & Marco Abbarchi
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Energy transfer in light harvesting complexes involves electronic, vibrational, and vibronic couplings which are challenging to resolve. Here the authors observe the time-evolution of vibronic coherences driving charge transfer in a photoexcited solvated transition metal complex by two- and three-dimensional electronic-vibrational spectroscopy.

    • James D. Gaynor
    • , Jason Sandwisch
    •  & Munira Khalil
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Fast ignition is an interesting scheme for nuclear fusion reaction. Here the authors show electron generation using intense short laser pulses and energy transport by coupling the laser energy to the imploded plasma core as in the ICF conditions.

    • T. Gong
    • , H. Habara
    • , K. Sumioka
    • , M. Yoshimoto
    • , Y. Hayashi
    • , S. Kawazu
    • , T. Otsuki
    • , T. Matsumoto
    • , T. Minami
    • , K. Abe
    • , K. Aizawa
    • , Y. Enmei
    • , Y. Fujita
    • , A. Ikegami
    • , H. Makiyama
    • , K. Okazaki
    • , K. Okida
    • , T. Tsukamoto
    • , Y. Arikawa
    • , S. Fujioka
    • , Y. Iwasa
    • , S. Lee
    • , H. Nagatomo
    • , H. Shiraga
    • , K. Yamanoi
    • , M. S. Wei
    •  & K. A. Tanaka
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Myeloid-derived growth factor (MYDGF) is an endoplasmic reticulum protein of therapeutic interest because it promotes tissue repair in a murine model of myocardial infarction. Here the authors present the NMR structure of human MYDGF and attribute function to a set of residues conserved in MYDGFs but not the vanin base domain, which has a similar fold.

    • Valeriu Bortnov
    • , Marco Tonelli
    • , Woonghee Lee
    • , Ziqing Lin
    • , Douglas S. Annis
    • , Omar N. Demerdash
    • , Alex Bateman
    • , Julie C. Mitchell
    • , Ying Ge
    • , John L. Markley
    •  & Deane F. Mosher
  • Article
    | Open Access

    A meron is one half of a skyrmion but whether a single meron pair can be created and stabilized remains a challenging question. Here, Gao et al. develop a method to create and stabilize individual pairs of merons in a continuous Py film by local vortex imprinting from Co disks.

    • N. Gao
    • , S. -G. Je
    • , M. -Y. Im
    • , J. W. Choi
    • , M. Yang
    • , Q. Li
    • , T. Y. Wang
    • , S. Lee
    • , H. -S. Han
    • , K. -S. Lee
    • , W. Chao
    • , C. Hwang
    • , J. Li
    •  & Z. Q. Qiu
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Mechanical solitons are notoriously difficult to control. Here, the authors report a theoretical framework for programming static periodic topological solitons into a metamaterial, and demonstrate its implementation in real metamaterials computationally and experimentally.

    • Yafei Zhang
    • , Bo Li
    • , Q. S. Zheng
    • , Guy M. Genin
    •  & C. Q. Chen
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Conductive porous carbons are promising for a variety of applications, but simultaneously tuning porosity and conductivity is challenging. Here, the authors develop a green method to fabricate flexible boron-nitrogen-fluorine triply doped carbon nanofibers with high porosity and conductivity.

    • Jianhua Yan
    • , Keqi Dong
    • , Yuanyuan Zhang
    • , Xiao Wang
    • , Ahmed Abdulqawy Aboalhassan
    • , Jianyong Yu
    •  & Bin Ding
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The optical response of inorganic two-dimensional semiconductors is dominated by Wannier-Mott excitons, but molecular systems can host localised Frenkel excitons. Here, the authors report strong optical response in a class of monolayer molecular J-aggregates due to the coherent Coulomb interaction between localised Frenkel excitons.

    • Huijuan Zhao
    • , Yingbo Zhao
    • , Yinxuan Song
    • , Ming Zhou
    • , Wei Lv
    • , Liu Tao
    • , Yuzhang Feng
    • , Biying Song
    • , Yue Ma
    • , Junqing Zhang
    • , Jun Xiao
    • , Ying Wang
    • , Der-Hsien Lien
    • , Matin Amani
    • , Hyungjin Kim
    • , Xiaoqing Chen
    • , Zhangting Wu
    • , Zhenhua Ni
    • , Peng Wang
    • , Yi Shi
    • , Haibo Ma
    • , Xiang Zhang
    • , Jian-Bin Xu
    • , Alessandro Troisi
    • , Ali Javey
    •  & Xinran Wang
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Certain point defects in crystals can be used as optically addressable quantum bits, much like atoms trapped in vacuum. Ivády et al. show that embedding such artificial atoms in stacking faults can actually improve their optical properties, making them function even more like true atoms.

    • Viktor Ivády
    • , Joel Davidsson
    • , Nazar Delegan
    • , Abram L. Falk
    • , Paul V. Klimov
    • , Samuel J. Whiteley
    • , Stephan O. Hruszkewycz
    • , Martin V. Holt
    • , F. Joseph Heremans
    • , Nguyen Tien Son
    • , David D. Awschalom
    • , Igor A. Abrikosov
    •  & Adam Gali
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The glass-forming materials exhibit dynamical slowing down together with spatial heterogeneity at microscales, but their origin remains debated. Tong and Tanaka show that this phenomenon can be unified based on a structural order parameter capable of detecting subtle ordering in instantaneous liquid states.

    • Hua Tong
    •  & Hajime Tanaka
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The mechanism underlying screening of a Kondo lattice of magnetic moments by conduction electrons is an important unsolved problem. Figgins et al. use STM techniques to assemble nanoscale Kondo droplets that extrapolate between a single moment and the Kondo lattice, providing a platform for further study.

    • Jeremy Figgins
    • , Laila S. Mattos
    • , Warren Mar
    • , Yi-Ting Chen
    • , Hari C. Manoharan
    •  & Dirk K. Morr
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Evolution of improper ferroelectricity within the confinement of ultrathin films is essential for their successful implementation in nanoscale applications. Here, the authors show thickness dependence of the improper polarization originating from the strong modification of the primary order at epitaxial interfaces.

    • J. Nordlander
    • , M. Campanini
    • , M. D. Rossell
    • , R. Erni
    • , Q. N. Meier
    • , A. Cano
    • , N. A. Spaldin
    • , M. Fiebig
    •  & M. Trassin
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Many-body interactions have important consequences for the optoelectronic properties of 2D materials. Here, the authors report on how many-body interactions affect the behavior of the valley-selective optical Stark effect for excitation near the A-exciton resonance in monolayer WS2.

    • Paul D. Cunningham
    • , Aubrey T. Hanbicki
    • , Thomas L. Reinecke
    • , Kathleen M. McCreary
    •  & Berend T. Jonker
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Quantum interference can be used to control electronic transport with high sensitivity at the nanoscale. Pal et al. show that without the need for magnetic materials, quantum interference can also filter spin transport approaching the limit of ideal spin-polarized ballistic transport in molecular junctions.

    • Atindra Nath Pal
    • , Dongzhe Li
    • , Soumyajit Sarkar
    • , Sudipto Chakrabarti
    • , Ayelet Vilan
    • , Leeor Kronik
    • , Alexander Smogunov
    •  & Oren Tal
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The realization of organic semiconductors with simultaneous independent control of molecular energy levels and Fermi level remains a challenge. Here, the authors combine band structure engineering and molecular doping to independently tune the energy and Fermi levels in ternary organic blends.

    • Ross Warren
    • , Alberto Privitera
    • , Pascal Kaienburg
    • , Andreas E. Lauritzen
    • , Oliver Thimm
    • , Jenny Nelson
    •  & Moritz K. Riede
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Although polarized Raman microscopy is sensitive to orientation changes, quantitative information has been missing. Here, the authors use simultaneous registration of multiple Raman scattering spectra obtained at different polarizations and show quantitative orientation mapping

    • Oleksii Ilchenko
    • , Yuriy Pilgun
    • , Andrii Kutsyk
    • , Florian Bachmann
    • , Roman Slipets
    • , Matteo Todeschini
    • , Peter Ouma Okeyo
    • , Henning Friis Poulsen
    •  & Anja Boisen
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Most efficient terahertz detection schemes rely on complex free space optics and require high-power lasers. Here, the authors report an integrated plasmonic terahertz detector on a silicon photonics platform, with 2.5 THz bandwidth and a 65 dB dynamical range operating at an optical power of only 63 nW.

    • Yannick Salamin
    • , Ileana-Cristina Benea-Chelmus
    • , Yuriy Fedoryshyn
    • , Wolfgang Heni
    • , Delwin L. Elder
    • , Larry R. Dalton
    • , Jérôme Faist
    •  & Juerg Leuthold
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Probing inevitable defects in two- dimensional materials is challenging. Here, the authors tackle this issue by using tip-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (TERS) to obtain distinctly different Raman features of edge defects in atomically thin MoS2, and further probe their unique electronic properties as well as identify the armchair and zigzag edges.

    • Teng-Xiang Huang
    • , Xin Cong
    • , Si-Si Wu
    • , Kai-Qiang Lin
    • , Xu Yao
    • , Yu-Han He
    • , Jiang-Bin Wu
    • , Yi-Fan Bao
    • , Sheng-Chao Huang
    • , Xiang Wang
    • , Ping-Heng Tan
    •  & Bin Ren
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The efficiency of quantum state readout is one of the factors that determine the performance of point defects in semiconductors in practical applications. Here the authors demonstrate photo-electrical readout for silicon vacancies in silicon carbide, providing an alternative to optical detection.

    • Matthias Niethammer
    • , Matthias Widmann
    • , Torsten Rendler
    • , Naoya Morioka
    • , Yu-Chen Chen
    • , Rainer Stöhr
    • , Jawad Ul Hassan
    • , Shinobu Onoda
    • , Takeshi Ohshima
    • , Sang-Yun Lee
    • , Amlan Mukherjee
    • , Junichi Isoya
    • , Nguyen Tien Son
    •  & Jörg Wrachtrup
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Vortices in light fields are of growing importance in the XUV and X-ray ranges. Here the authors show by simulations that high harmonics and attosecond pulses, generated while irradiating a deformed thin foil with circularly-polarized Gaussian laser pulses, carry a well-defined orbital angular momentum.

    • J. W. Wang
    • , M. Zepf
    •  & S. G. Rykovanov
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Driven quantum many-body systems can host finite densities of quasiparticles with the potential to realise emergent behaviour that is distinct from the equilibrium state. Werner et al. propose a method to cool holes in a correlated system so that more exotic low-entropy phases can be reached.

    • Philipp Werner
    • , Martin Eckstein
    • , Markus Müller
    •  & Gil Refael
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Nanotechnology can bring significant advancements to hemostatic patches. Here, the authors design a superhydrophobic hemostatic surface with immobilized carbon nanofibers that can stop bleeding instantaneously upon application, seal the wound subsequently by promoting quick fibrin formation, and facilitate unforced and facile patch removal without tearing the wound.

    • Zhe Li
    • , Athanasios Milionis
    • , Yu Zheng
    • , Marcus Yee
    • , Lukas Codispoti
    • , Freddie Tan
    • , Dimos Poulikakos
    •  & Choon Hwai Yap
  • Article
    | Open Access

    MLL family histone methyltransferases deposit histone H3 Lys4 mono-/di-/tri-methylation and regulate gene expression in mammals. Here the authors report the single-particle cryo-EM structure of the NCP-bound human MLL1 core complex, shedding light on how the MLL1 complex engages chromatin and how chromatin binding promotes MLL1 tri-methylation activity.

    • Sang Ho Park
    • , Alex Ayoub
    • , Young-Tae Lee
    • , Jing Xu
    • , Hanseong Kim
    • , Wei Zheng
    • , Biao Zhang
    • , Liang Sha
    • , Sojin An
    • , Yang Zhang
    • , Michael A. Cianfrocco
    • , Min Su
    • , Yali Dou
    •  & Uhn-Soo Cho
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Understanding momentum transfer in light–matter interaction is intriguing. Here the authors study momentum transfer from photons to electrons and observe a time delay in the linear momentum transfer during strong-field ionization of xenon atoms using time-resolved measurements with velocity map imaging.

    • Benjamin Willenberg
    • , Jochen Maurer
    • , Benedikt W. Mayer
    •  & Ursula Keller
  • Article
    | Open Access

    RNA polymerase I (Pol I) catalyses the transcription of pre-ribosomal RNA and for transcription initiation Pol I assembles with core factor and Rrn3 on the rDNA core promoter. Here the authors provide insights into the molecular mechanism of promoter opening by Pol I by determining the cryo-EM structures of two closed, two intermediate and two open Pol I pre-initiation complexes.

    • Yashar Sadian
    • , Florence Baudin
    • , Lucas Tafur
    • , Brice Murciano
    • , Rene Wetzel
    • , Felix Weis
    •  & Christoph W. Müller
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Vertically stacked twisted layers of two-dimensional materials can trigger exciting fundamental physics. Here, authors report controlled growth of 30° twisted few-layer SnS2 over SnS2 via van der Waals epitaxy of an SnS intermediate and its transformation in the presence of excess sulfur.

    • Peter Sutter
    • , Rina Ibragimova
    • , Hannu-Pekka Komsa
    • , Bruce A. Parkinson
    •  & Eli Sutter
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Parkinson’s disease (PD) and Multiple System Atrophy (MSA) are characterized by the pathological accumulation of α-synuclein. Here the authors employ fluorescent probes, electron microscopy and NMR spectroscopy to study the properties of α-synuclein aggregates that were amplified from patient brain extracts and observe a greater structural diversity among PD patients compared to MSA patients.

    • Timo Strohäker
    • , Byung Chul Jung
    • , Shu-Hao Liou
    • , Claudio O. Fernandez
    • , Dietmar Riedel
    • , Stefan Becker
    • , Glenda M. Halliday
    • , Marina Bennati
    • , Woojin S. Kim
    • , Seung-Jae Lee
    •  & Markus Zweckstetter
  • Article
    | Open Access

    A singularity in a material’s density of states at the Fermi energy can drive the formation of unconventional electronic phases. Here the authors show a Van Hove singularity is tunable across the Fermi energy in an oxide heterostructure, leading to enhanced electronic correlations.

    • Ryo Mori
    • , Patrick B. Marshall
    • , Kaveh Ahadi
    • , Jonathan D. Denlinger
    • , Susanne Stemmer
    •  & Alessandra Lanzara
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Thermal characterization of biological tissues can traditionally provide either large fields of view or high resolution. By the development of super-resolution infrared photo-thermal imaging, the authors reconstruct temperature-based maps of absorptive centers in millimeter-sized biological samples.

    • M. Bouzin
    • , M. Marini
    • , A. Zeynali
    • , M. Borzenkov
    • , L. Sironi
    • , L. D’Alfonso
    • , F. Mingozzi
    • , F. Granucci
    • , P. Pallavicini
    • , G. Chirico
    •  & M. Collini
  • Article
    | Open Access

    One of the main sources of decoherence in silicon electron spin qubits is their interaction with nearby fluctuating nuclear spins. Zhao et al. present a device made from enriched silicon to reduce the nuclear spin density and find its performance is still limited by fluctuations of residual spins.

    • R. Zhao
    • , T. Tanttu
    • , K. Y. Tan
    • , B. Hensen
    • , K. W. Chan
    • , J. C. C. Hwang
    • , R. C. C. Leon
    • , C. H. Yang
    • , W. Gilbert
    • , F. E. Hudson
    • , K. M. Itoh
    • , A. A. Kiselev
    • , T. D. Ladd
    • , A. Morello
    • , A. Laucht
    •  & A. S. Dzurak
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Exotic chiral fermions beyond Weyl fermions have recently been discovered in a series of chiral crystals such as CoSi. Here, the authors report the evidences of chiral fermions in RhSn with opposite handedness compared to those observed in CoSi, where the structural chirality is also opposite.

    • Hang Li
    • , Sheng Xu
    • , Zhi-Cheng Rao
    • , Li-Qin Zhou
    • , Zhi-Jun Wang
    • , Shi-Ming Zhou
    • , Shang-Jie Tian
    • , Shun-Ye Gao
    • , Jia-Jun Li
    • , Yao-Bo Huang
    • , He-Chang Lei
    • , Hong-Ming Weng
    • , Yu-Jie Sun
    • , Tian-Long Xia
    • , Tian Qian
    •  & Hong Ding
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The conformational heterogeneity of RNA molecules makes their structure determination by X-ray crystallography and NMR challenging. Here the authors show that RNA structures can be solved by cryo-EM and present the structures of a 40 kDa SAM-IV riboswitch in the apo form and bound to its ligand S-adenosylmethionine.

    • Kaiming Zhang
    • , Shanshan Li
    • , Kalli Kappel
    • , Grigore Pintilie
    • , Zhaoming Su
    • , Tung-Chung Mou
    • , Michael F. Schmid
    • , Rhiju Das
    •  & Wah Chiu
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Designing efficient and scalable specialized neuromorphic circuits to integrate raw nervous stimuli and respond identically to biological neurons remains a challenge. Here, the authors propose an analog programming strategy to emulate biological neurons in silico.

    • Kamal Abu-Hassan
    • , Joseph D. Taylor
    • , Paul G. Morris
    • , Elisa Donati
    • , Zuner A. Bortolotto
    • , Giacomo Indiveri
    • , Julian F. R. Paton
    •  & Alain Nogaret
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The interaction of localized and conduction electrons in some heavy fermion materials is believed to give rise to a Kondo insulating state. Kushwaha et al. present evidence that Ce3Bi4Pd3 is a Kondo insulator with a gap small enough to be driven into a Fermi liquid phase with accessible magnetic fields.

    • Satya K. Kushwaha
    • , Mun K. Chan
    • , Joonbum Park
    • , S. M. Thomas
    • , Eric D. Bauer
    • , J. D. Thompson
    • , F. Ronning
    • , Priscila F. S. Rosa
    •  & Neil Harrison
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Bulk band inversions in solids may unlock topological surface phenomena and symmetry-protected states. Here, the authors generate a surface state band inversion in the nonsymmorphic semimetal NbGeSb, leading to protected crossing points in the resulting spin-orbital entangled surface band structure.

    • I. Marković
    • , C. A. Hooley
    • , O. J. Clark
    • , F. Mazzola
    • , M. D. Watson
    • , J. M. Riley
    • , K. Volckaert
    • , K. Underwood
    • , M. S. Dyer
    • , P. A. E. Murgatroyd
    • , K. J. Murphy
    • , P. Le Fèvre
    • , F. Bertran
    • , J. Fujii
    • , I. Vobornik
    • , S. Wu
    • , T. Okuda
    • , J. Alaria
    •  & P. D. C. King
  • Article
    | Open Access

    During carrier multiplication, high-energy free carriers in a given material relax by generation of additional electron-hole pairs. Here, the authors report evidence of carrier multiplication in multilayer MoTe2 and WSe2 films with up to 99% conversation efficiency.

    • Ji-Hee Kim
    • , Matthew R. Bergren
    • , Jin Cheol Park
    • , Subash Adhikari
    • , Michael Lorke
    • , Thomas Frauenheim
    • , Duk-Hyun Choe
    • , Beom Kim
    • , Hyunyong Choi
    • , Tom Gregorkiewicz
    •  & Young Hee Lee
  • Article
    | Open Access

    A significant challenge in understanding the behaviour of strongly correlated materials is their sensitivity to composition. Here the authors show that stoichiometric CaFe3O5 avoids the electronic phase separation reported in a non-stoichiometric sample, and also exhibits an incommensurate magnetic phase.

    • Simon J. Cassidy
    • , Fabio Orlandi
    • , Pascal Manuel
    •  & Simon J. Clarke
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The activation mechanism of integrin αVβ8 differs from other integrins. Combining X-ray crystallography, hydrogen deuterium exchange mass spectrometry and mutation, the authors reveal structural features responsible for these differences and provide insights into how typical integrins are regulated.

    • Jianchuan Wang
    • , Yang Su
    • , Roxana E. Iacob
    • , John R. Engen
    •  & Timothy A. Springer
  • Article
    | Open Access

    The growing complexity of quantum computing devices makes presents challenges for benchmarking their performance as previous, exhaustive approaches become infeasible. Here the authors characterise the quality of their 11-qubit device by successfully computing two quantum algorithms.

    • K. Wright
    • , K. M. Beck
    • , S. Debnath
    • , J. M. Amini
    • , Y. Nam
    • , N. Grzesiak
    • , J.-S. Chen
    • , N. C. Pisenti
    • , M. Chmielewski
    • , C. Collins
    • , K. M. Hudek
    • , J. Mizrahi
    • , J. D. Wong-Campos
    • , S. Allen
    • , J. Apisdorf
    • , P. Solomon
    • , M. Williams
    • , A. M. Ducore
    • , A. Blinov
    • , S. M. Kreikemeier
    • , V. Chaplin
    • , M. Keesan
    • , C. Monroe
    •  & J. Kim
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Ca$${}_{3}$$3Co$${}_{2}$$2O$${}_{6}$$6 has an unconventional magnetic structure displaying quantum tunnelling phenomena in its magnetization. Here, the authors use s-core-level non-resonant inelastic X-ray scattering to image the atomic Co 3d orbital that is responsible for the Ising magnetism in this system.

    • Brett Leedahl
    • , Martin Sundermann
    • , Andrea Amorese
    • , Andrea Severing
    • , Hlynur Gretarsson
    • , Lunyong Zhang
    • , Alexander C. Komarek
    • , Antoine Maignan
    • , Maurits W. Haverkort
    •  & Liu Hao Tjeng
  • Article
    | Open Access

    Quantum interference effects remain elusive in halide perovskite materials. Here Zheng et al. reveal the atomic origin of the conductance features in the single perovskite quantum dot junctions, and present direct evidence of the room-temperature quantum interference effects.

    • Haining Zheng
    • , Songjun Hou
    • , Chenguang Xin
    • , Qingqing Wu
    • , Feng Jiang
    • , Zhibing Tan
    • , Xin Zhou
    • , Luchun Lin
    • , Wenxiang He
    • , Qingmin Li
    • , Jueting Zheng
    • , Longyi Zhang
    • , Junyang Liu
    • , Yang Yang
    • , Jia Shi
    • , Xiaodan Zhang
    • , Ying Zhao
    • , Yuelong Li
    • , Colin Lambert
    •  & Wenjing Hong