Particle astrophysics

Particle astrophysics is the study of fundamental particles travelling through space, particularly those that reach the Earth. These cosmic rays include photons, protons, alpha particles and neutrinos. Some of these decay to other particles in the atmosphere, while neutrinos can pass through the entire Earth without being absorbed.

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    The abundance of primordial black holes in the Galactic halo is constrained through their microlensing of stars in M31. Despite monitoring tens of millions of stars, only a single candidate event is found, providing stringent upper bounds on their abundance.

    • Hiroko Niikura
    • , Masahiro Takada
    • , Naoki Yasuda
    • , Robert H. Lupton
    • , Takahiro Sumi
    • , Surhud More
    • , Toshiki Kurita
    • , Sunao Sugiyama
    • , Anupreeta More
    • , Masamune Oguri
    •  & Masashi Chiba
  • Research |

    Ultracompact stellar clusters in the Galactic Centre are likely to be major contributors to the Galactic cosmic ray flux in the multi-TeV energy range. Observations of the diffuse gamma-ray emission from the Galactic Centre and two young massive star clusters correlate with the cosmic-ray distribution.

    • Felix Aharonian
    • , Ruizhi Yang
    •  & Emma de Oña Wilhelmi
  • Research |

    Early results from the COSINE-100 experiment—designed to test a much-debated claim of the detection of a dark-matter signal—show no indications of dark matter, providing evidence against the previous claim.

    • Govinda Adhikari
    • , Pushparaj Adhikari
    • , Estella Barbosa de Souza
    • , Nelson Carlin
    • , Seonho Choi
    • , Mitra Djamal
    • , Anthony C. Ezeribe
    • , Chang Hyon Ha
    • , Insik Hahn
    • , Antonia J. F. Hubbard
    • , Eunju Jeon
    • , Jay Hyun Jo
    • , Hanwool Joo
    • , Woon Gu Kang
    • , Woosik Kang
    • , Matthew Kauer
    • , Bonghee Kim
    • , Hongjoo Kim
    • , Hyounggyu Kim
    • , Kyungwon Kim
    • , Nam Young Kim
    • , Sun Kee Kim
    • , Yeongduk Kim
    • , Yong-Hamb Kim
    • , Young Ju Ko
    • , Vitaly A. Kudryavtsev
    • , Hyun Su Lee
    • , Jaison Lee
    • , Jooyoung Lee
    • , Moo Hyun Lee
    • , Douglas S. Leonard
    • , Warren A. Lynch
    • , Reina H. Maruyama
    • , Frederic Mouton
    • , Stephen L. Olsen
    • , Byungju Park
    • , Hyang Kyu Park
    • , Hyeonseo Park
    • , Jungsic Park
    • , Kangsoon Park
    • , Walter C. Pettus
    • , Hafizh Prihtiadi
    • , Sejin Ra
    • , Carsten Rott
    • , Andrew Scarff
    • , Keon Ah Shin
    • , Neil J. C. Spooner
    • , William G. Thompson
    • , Liang Yang
    •  & Seok Hyun Yong
    Nature 564, 83-86
  • Research |

    Geophysical properties of the Earth’s interior have been inferred by looking at the absorption of neutrinos as they pass through our planet.

    • Andrea Donini
    • , Sergio Palomares-Ruiz
    •  & Jordi Salvado
    Nature Physics 15, 37-40

News and Comment

  • Editorial |

    A careful analysis of data obtained from the IceCube telescope in Antarctica shows that atmospheric neutrinos can be used as a tomographic probe of the Earth.

  • News and Views |

    Using data from the IceCube telescope, a study presents the first attempt at obtaining geophysical information about Earth’s internal structure from the flux of neutrinos that pass through it.

    • Véronique Van Elewyck
    Nature Physics 15, 5-6
  • News and Views |

    An ultrahigh-energy neutrino event detected with the IceCube detector in Antarctica, simultaneous and co-spatial with a multi-wavelength outburst of a blazar about 3 billion light years away, points unambiguously to lepto-hadronic cooling mechanisms in jetted active galactic nuclei.

    • Elena Pian
    Nature Astronomy 3, 24-25