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Osteoclasts are involved in arthritis, and their differentiation depends on RANKL signaling. The author show that the ROS-scavenging protein DJ-1 negatively regulates RANKL signaling and that its ablation increases osteoclast numbers and exacerbates bone damage in mouse models of arthritis.
In 2012, several new concepts emerged that widen our view of the regulation of bone mass in health and disease. Three key studies outline these discoveries, which affect our understanding of the skeletal system, particularly its physiological function and the changes it undergoes during inflammatory disease.
Drug candidates that are related to a common metabolite called adenosine inhibit inflammation and reduce bone destruction in artificial joints. The finding suggests a potential approach to increasing the durability of prosthetic implants.