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Organelles are entities within a eukaryotic cell that have a specialised function. Examples of organelles include the nucleus, the endoplasmic reticulum, the Golgi, mitochondria, vacuoles or lysosomes, and chloroplasts (in plants).
Acetaminophen-induced liver injury is one of the most common causes of liver failure and has to be treated within hours of the overdose. Here Barbier-Torres et al. show that targeting MCJ, a mitochondrial negative regulator, even 24 h after the overdose protects liver from acetaminophen-induced damage.
Metal bioavailability is frequently limited by sequestering agents which makes them inaccessible to cells. Here the authors show that cells can increase Mg2+ uptake via fluid phase endocytosis and accumulate this metal in their vacuole loaded with polyphosphate, and later can be exported to the cytosol.
In 2017, studies of cellular metabolism broadly permeated immunological research. Accumulating data support the view that understanding how metabolism regulates immune cell function could provide new therapeutic opportunities for the many diseases associated with immune system dysregulation.
Membrane trafficking specificity between distinct compartments ensures that cargo proteins and lipids are delivered to their target organelle. However, accurate recognition of cargo carriers by tethering factors on target membranes is poorly understood. TBC1D23 is now identified as an adaptor that links endosome-derived vesicles with golgins at the trans-Golgi.