Metal–organic frameworks

Definition

Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are a class of crystalline materials that consist of coordination bonds between transition-metal cations and multidentate organic linkers. The structure of MOFs is characterized by an open framework that can be porous (porous materials). MOFs can be used for gas storage, purification and separation, as well catalysis and sensing applications.

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Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research | | open

    Preparation of supported catalysts with high nanoparticle loading is a considerable synthetic challenge. Here, by using a metal organic framework as sacrificial template, the authors report a cobalt catalyst with a 50% Co loading with superior activity in the C5+ selective production of hydrocarbons from syngas.

    • Xiaohui Sun
    • , Alma I. Olivos Suarez
    • , Mark Meijerink
    • , Tom van Deelen
    • , Samy Ould-Chikh
    • , Jovana Zečević
    • , Krijn P. de Jong
    • , Freek Kapteijn
    •  & Jorge Gascon
  • Research | | open

    Cationic metal-organic frameworks provide promising opportunities to capture anionic pollutants, but stable frameworks with sufficiently large pores are lacking. Here the authors present a thorium-based mesoporous, cationic and hydrolytically-stable MOF that can rapidly trap inorganic and organic anionic pollutants.

    • Yuxiang Li
    • , Zaixing Yang
    • , Yanlong Wang
    • , Zhuanling Bai
    • , Tao Zheng
    • , Xing Dai
    • , Shengtang Liu
    • , Daxiang Gui
    • , Wei Liu
    • , Meng Chen
    • , Lanhua Chen
    • , Juan Diwu
    • , Lingyan Zhu
    • , Ruhong Zhou
    • , Zhifang Chai
    • , Thomas E. Albrecht-Schmitt
    •  & Shuao Wang
  • Research | | open

    Increasing CO2 emissions pose serious environmental issues. Here, the authors report the synthesis of a robust metal-organic framework which displays high volumetric uptake of post-combustion CO2 under ambient conditions and can catalyze CO2 fixation into cyclic carbonates.

    • Linfeng Liang
    • , Caiping Liu
    • , Feilong Jiang
    • , Qihui Chen
    • , Linjie Zhang
    • , Hui Xue
    • , Hai-Long Jiang
    • , Jinjie Qian
    • , Daqiang Yuan
    •  & Maochun Hong
  • Research |

    Colloidal particles of metal–organic frameworks (ZIF-8 and UiO-66) with different polyhedral shapes can self-assemble into well-ordered, porous three-dimensional superstructures. These superstructures function as photonic crystals, with a photonic band gap that depends on the size of the MOF particles and shifts upon the sorption of guests within their pores.

    • Civan Avci
    • , Inhar Imaz
    • , Arnau Carné-Sánchez
    • , Jose Angel Pariente
    • , Nikos Tasios
    • , Javier Pérez-Carvajal
    • , Maria Isabel Alonso
    • , Alvaro Blanco
    • , Marjolein Dijkstra
    • , Cefe López
    •  & Daniel Maspoch
  • Research |

    Proton-conducting metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) could be used as the electrolytes in proton exchange membrane fuel cells but chemically stable materials that perform well at low humidity are still sought. Here the authors prepare a stable, structurally flexible MOF that maintains high proton conductivity under a wide range of humidity.

    • Fan Yang
    • , Gang Xu
    • , Yibo Dou
    • , Bin Wang
    • , Heng Zhang
    • , Hui Wu
    • , Wei Zhou
    • , Jian-Rong Li
    •  & Banglin Chen
    Nature Energy 2, 877–883

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