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Patients who are obese and also consume excess
alcohol are at increased risk of liver-related disease.
In this Review, Parker and colleagues discuss how
alcohol and obesity affect adipose tissue function, and
describe the importance of the adipose-tissue–liver
axis in liver disease pathogenesis and outcomes.
The 2017 Albert Lasker Basic Medical Research Award was awarded to Michael N. Hall (Biozentrum, University of Basel, Switzerland) “for discoveries concerning the nutrient-activated TOR proteins and their central role in the metabolic control of cell growth”.
Dementia is a complication associated with diabetes mellitus. Evidence suggests that patients with diabetes mellitus who have dementia have a unique form of the disease, albeit with similarities to vascular dementia. A recent study by Juraj Secnik and colleagues confirms this suggestion and provides insights into the clinical characteristics and treatment of the disorder.
Results from the Reducing with Metformin Vascular Adverse Lesions (REMOVAL) study show for the first time that metformin has a cardiovascular benefit in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), although the benefit was limited to tertiary outcomes and was modest. Additional measures are therefore needed to reduce cardiovascular disease in patients with T1DM.