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Membrane fission involves the splitting of a single, contiguous membrane into two parts. This process requires energy and is involved in cell division, endocytosis, transport carrier formation, budding, and division of membrane-bound organelles.
The spatiotemporal regulation of membrane scaffolds recruitment and coupling between membrane deformation and fission in endocytosis are unclear. Here the authors show that lipid conversion at endocytic pits recruits SNX9, which couples local membrane constriction to fission in endocytosis.
The role of morphological alterations in the mitochondrial inner-membrane in regulating mitochondrial division are unknown. Here, the authors describe spontaneous and repetitive constriction of the mitochondrial inner compartment, and suggest this acts as a priming event for efficient mitochondrial division.
This protocol describes how to form and use membrane tubes supported on a passivated glass coverslip via hydration of a dry lipid mix in physiological buffer and subsequent flow-induced extrusion of the lipid reservoir into long membrane tubes.
CtBP1-S/BARS is required for fission of endomembrane compartments including the Golgi. Here the authors show that CtBP1-S/BARS activates a trans-Golgi lysophosphatidic acid acyltransferase that catalyses the production of phosphatidic acid and is required for fission of the post-Golgi carrier membrane.
Rab GTPases regulate the dynamics of transport carriers by participating in their translocation across the cytoplasm, and in their docking and fusion with acceptor compartments. An interaction between Golgi-associated Rab6 and myosin II has now been shown to regulate the fission of Rab6-positive carriers, illuminating a previously unappreciated role for Rab6 and the actomyosin system in carrier biogenesis.