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The spindle assembly checkpoint ensures correct chromosome segregation and relies on kinetochore localization of the Bub1 and Mad1/Mad2 checkpoint proteins. Here the authors show that main function of Bub1 is to position Mad1 close to KNL1 MELT repeats in human cells.
Sister chromatid cohesion during meiosis II (MII), maintained by securin-mediated inhibition of separase, is reduced in aged mouse oocytes. Here the authors show that, in MII oocytes, securin levels are reduced by increased destruction by the anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome.
A connection between centrosomes and chromosomes is a key feature of mitotic spindles. Here the authors generate 3D reconstructions of whole mitotic spindles in early C. elegans embryos and show that chromosomes are anchored by the entire spindle network and that connections through kinetochore microtubules are few and likely very transient.
To ensure proper attachment of all chromosomes to the spindle, PLK1 has to associate with kinetochores during prometaphase and must be released from these sites before sister chromatid separation can begin. The monoubiquitylation of PLK1 by the ubiquitin ligase CUL3–KLHL22 is now identified as a critical step in promoting the release of PLK1 from kinetochores, pushing non-proteolytic ubiquitylation into the limelight of cell division research.