Interdisciplinary studies

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research | | open

    How do socially polarized systems change and how does a change in polarization relate to performance? Using instant messaging data and performance records from day traders, the authors find that certain relations are prone to balance and that balance is associated with better trading decisions.

    • Omid Askarisichani
    • , Jacqueline Ng Lane
    • , Francesco Bullo
    • , Noah E. Friedkin
    • , Ambuj K. Singh
    •  & Brian Uzzi
  • Research | | open

    Failure to account for heterogeneity in TB risk can mislead model-based evaluation of proposed interventions. Here, the authors introduce a metric to estimate the distribution of risk in populations from routinely collected data and find that variation in infection acquisition is the most impactful.

    • M. Gabriela M. Gomes
    • , Juliane F. Oliveira
    • , Adelmo Bertolde
    • , Diepreye Ayabina
    • , Tuan Anh Nguyen
    • , Ethel L. Maciel
    • , Raquel Duarte
    • , Binh Hoa Nguyen
    • , Priya B. Shete
    •  & Christian Lienhardt
  • Research | | open

    For most actors sustained productivity defines success. Here the authors study the careers of actors and identify a "rich-get-richer" mechanism with respect to productivity, the emergence of hot streaks and the presence of gender bias, and are able to predict whether the most productive year of an actor is yet to come.

    • Oliver E. Williams
    • , Lucas Lacasa
    •  & Vito Latora
  • Reviews |

    Addressing sustainability challenges requires attention to the material basis of society. This Perspective illustrates how a Systems Thinking in Chemistry Education framework could help to integrate knowledge about the molecular world with the sustainability of Earth and societal systems.

    • Peter G. Mahaffy
    • , Stephen A. Matlin
    • , Thomas A. Holme
    •  & Jennifer MacKellar
  • Research | | open

    Could similar ecological and biogeographic drivers explain the distributions of biological diversity and human cultural diversity? The authors explore ecological correlates of human language diversity, finding strong support for a role of high year-round productivity but less support for landscape features.

    • Xia Hua
    • , Simon J. Greenhill
    • , Marcel Cardillo
    • , Hilde Schneemann
    •  & Lindell Bromham

News and Comment

  • News and Views |

    The Arctic climate is changing rapidly, but quantifying outcomes for Inuit has been elusive. Now, research starts with trail-use instead of models, and finds that the effects from climate change are modest compared with the role of skill and risk-tolerance of the travellers.

    • Henry P. Huntington
  • Comments and Opinion |

    In order to address sustainability challenges, we posit that knowledge generation needs to move rapidly from a disciplinary linear ‘tree’ model to an interdisciplinary ‘web’ model. We show how such a shift is useful by looking at case studies in the context of water management.

    • Junguo Liu
    • , Kamaljit S. Bawa
    • , Thomas P. Seager
    • , Ganquan Mao
    • , Ding Ding
    • , Janice Ser Huay Lee
    •  & Janet K. Swim
  • News and Views |

    Understanding what enables teams to flourish has been the focus of considerable interest across domains of human behaviour. A study finds that, in addition to recruiting and retaining highly skilled members, shared prior success significantly contributes to enhanced team performance.

    • Mark R. Beauchamp
  • Comments and Opinion |

    The tendency of modern science to reduce complex phenomena into their component parts has many advantages for advancing knowledge. However, such reductionism in climate science is also a problem because it narrows the evidence base, limiting visions of possible futures and the ways they might be achieved.

    • Jonathan Rigg
    •  & Lisa Reyes Mason
    Nature Climate Change 8, 1030-1032
  • Comments and Opinion |

    Indigenous knowledge and ecological science have complementary differences that can be fruitfully combined to better understand the past and predict the future of social-ecological systems. Cooperation among scientific and Indigenous perspectives can improve conservation and resource management policies.

    • Natalie C. Ban
    • , Alejandro Frid
    • , Mike Reid
    • , Barry Edgar
    • , Danielle Shaw
    •  & Peter Siwallace