Industrial microbiology

Industrial microbiology is a branch of applied microbiology in which microorganisms are used in industrial processes; for example, in the production of high-value products such as drugs, chemicals, fuels and electricity.

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Latest Research and Reviews

News and Comment

  • News and Views |

    The longstanding ‘polyelectrolyte theory of the gene’ proposes that a multiply charged backbone is the universal signature of all genetic polymer systems that support life. Now, the first tenable challenge to this theory has been mounted, through the successful engineering of enzymes which can synthesize and reverse-transcribe from an artificial, uncharged nucleic acid analogue.

    • Asha Brown
    •  & Tom Brown
    Nature Chemistry 11, 501-503
  • News and Views |

    The secondary metabolite cepacin A is the essential compound made by Burkholderia ambifaria needed for biocontrol of plant pathogens. In this organism, genes responsible for virulence and for cepacin A biosynthesis reside on different replicons, allowing for the engineering of avirulent mutants that retain their biocontrol properties.

    • Tom Coenye
    Nature Microbiology 4, 908-909
  • Comments and Opinion |

    In this Viewpoint article, several experts discuss the microbial contributions to climate change and consider the effects of global warming, extreme weather and other consequences of climate change on microbial communities in the ocean and soil, host–microbiota interactions and the global burden of infectious diseases and ecosystem processes, and they explore open questions and research needs.

    • David A. Hutchins
    • , Janet K. Jansson
    • , Justin V. Remais
    • , Virginia I. Rich
    • , Brajesh K. Singh
    •  & Pankaj Trivedi
  • Comments and Opinion |

    Global change microbiology is a rapidly growing research field on microbial responses to global warming, overuse and pollution and on feedback mechanisms and functions that affect Earth’s element cycles and planetary health. In this Comment, Antje Boetius explores how this field could provide essential knowledge and sustainable solutions to the problems driven by global change.

    • Antje Boetius