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Homologous recombination is the exchange of DNA strands of similar or identical nucleotide sequence. It can be used to direct error-free repair of double-strand DNA breaks and generates sequence variation in gametes during meiosis.
BRCA2 is involved in both homologous recombination (HR) and the protection of stalled replication forks from degradation. Here the authors reveal how HR factors cooperate in fork remodeling, showing that BRCA2 supports RAD51 loading on the regressed arms of reversed replication forks to protect them from degradation.
The tumour suppressor complex BRCA1–BARD1, which facilitates the generation of a single-stranded DNA template during homologous recombination, also binds to the recombinase RAD51 and enhances its function.