Hardware and infrastructure

Definition

Hardware comprises the physical parts of a computer that can be touched, and infrastructure comprises the physical hardware used to connect computers to other computers and users.

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    This paper investigates the stress levels and behavior of wild animals when approached by remote-operated vehicles versus humans for data collection in field research

    • Yvon Le Maho
    • , Jason D Whittington
    • , Nicolas Hanuise
    • , Louise Pereira
    • , Matthieu Boureau
    • , Mathieu Brucker
    • , Nicolas Chatelain
    • , Julien Courtecuisse
    • , Francis Crenner
    • , Benjamin Friess
    • , Edith Grosbellet
    • , Laëtitia Kernaléguen
    • , Frédérique Olivier
    • , Claire Saraux
    • , Nathanaël Vetter
    • , Vincent A Viblanc
    • , Bernard Thierry
    • , Pascale Tremblay
    • , René Groscolas
    •  & Céline Le Bohec
    Nature Methods 11, 1242–1244
  • Research |

    Epistasis has rarely been shown among natural polymorphisms in human traits; this research using advanced computation and gene expression data reveals many instances of epistasis between common single nucleotide polymorphisms in humans, with epistasis and the direction of its effect replicating in independent cohorts.

    • Gibran Hemani
    • , Konstantin Shakhbazov
    • , Harm-Jan Westra
    • , Tonu Esko
    • , Anjali K. Henders
    • , Allan F. McRae
    • , Jian Yang
    • , Greg Gibson
    • , Nicholas G. Martin
    • , Andres Metspalu
    • , Lude Franke
    • , Grant W. Montgomery
    • , Peter M. Visscher
    •  & Joseph E. Powell
    Nature 508, 249–253
  • Research |

    A flexible, environmentally controlled experimental setup for the study of terrestrial animal dispersal is reported. Its unprecedented scale should enable studies in spatial ecology and permit tests of conservation strategies in the face of environmental change.

    • Delphine Legrand
    • , Olivier Guillaume
    • , Michel Baguette
    • , Julien Cote
    • , Audrey Trochet
    • , Olivier Calvez
    • , Susanne Zajitschek
    • , Felix Zajitschek
    • , Jane Lecomte
    • , Quentin Bénard
    • , Jean-François Le Galliard
    •  & Jean Clobert
    Nature Methods 9, 828–833

News and Comment

  • Comments and Opinion |

    A real-time interactive, fully automated, low-cost and scalable biology cloud experimentation platform could provide access to scientific experimentation for learners and researchers alike.

    • Zahid Hossain
    • , Engin W Bumbacher
    • , Alice M Chung
    • , Honesty Kim
    • , Casey Litton
    • , Ashley D Walter
    • , Sachin N Pradhan
    • , Kemi Jona
    • , Paulo Blikstein
    •  & Ingmar H Riedel-Kruse
    Nature Biotechnology 34, 1293–1298
  • Comments and Opinion |

    Cryo-EM has emerged rapidly as a method for determining high-resolution structures of biological macromolecules. The author of this Commentary discusses just how much better this technology may get and how fast such developments are likely to happen.

    • Robert M Glaeser
    Nature Methods 13, 28–32
  • News and Views |

    An experimental infrastructure consisting of environmentally controlled and spatially linked habitat patches permits studies on terrestrial animal dispersal at an unprecedented scale for an experiment with such strict control.

    • Nick M Haddad
    Nature Methods 9, 794–795
  • News and Views |

    A study of failures in interconnected networks highlights the vulnerability of tightly coupled infrastructures and shows the need to consider mutually dependent network properties in designing resilient systems.

    • Alessandro Vespignani
    Nature 464, 984–985
  • Comments and Opinion |

    Could short, non-traditional sabbaticals help scientists better organize their research groups and make improvements to their laboratory's IT infrastructure? Bruce Gibb ponders this question.

    • Bruce C. Gibb
    Nature Chemistry 3, 495–496