Green chemistry

Definition

Green chemistry involves the development of chemical products and processes that minimize the use and generation of hazardous and unwanted substances.

Featured

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    The structure of ionic liquids under confinement is not well understood and hinders their widespread use for applications. Convincing evidence of partial breaking of Coulombic ordering of ions confined in subnanometre carbon pores is now provided.

    • Ryusuke Futamura
    • , Taku Iiyama
    • , Yuma Takasaki
    • , Yury Gogotsi
    • , Mark J. Biggs
    • , Mathieu Salanne
    • , Julie Ségalini
    • , Patrice Simon
    •  & Katsumi Kaneko
  • Research |

    The use of cross-sectoral strategies, such as the exchange of waste energy through co-location of industry, business and residential areas, is shown to be effective for greenhouse gas and particulate mitigation in this study of 637 Chinese cities.

    • Anu Ramaswami
    • , Kangkang Tong
    • , Andrew Fang
    • , Raj M. Lal
    • , Ajay Singh Nagpure
    • , Yang Li
    • , Huajun Yu
    • , Daqian Jiang
    • , Armistead G. Russell
    • , Lei Shi
    • , Marian Chertow
    • , Yangjun Wang
    •  & Shuxiao Wang
  • Research |

    Organic solar cells can be thin, bendable and strechable. Now, Jinno et al. develop flexible organic photovoltaic devices that can also be washed in water and detergent, opening future integration routes into everyday objects such as fabric.

    • Hiroaki Jinno
    • , Kenjiro Fukuda
    • , Xiaomin Xu
    • , Sungjun Park
    • , Yasuhito Suzuki
    • , Mari Koizumi
    • , Tomoyuki Yokota
    • , Itaru Osaka
    • , Kazuo Takimiya
    •  & Takao Someya
  • Research |

    Hydropower represents the largest source of renewable energy currently available, yet its potential provision remains poorly characterized. Gernaat et al. present a high-resolution global assessment of technical and economic hydropower potential based on an analysis of over 3.8 million individual locations.

    • David E. H. J. Gernaat
    • , Patrick W. Bogaart
    • , Detlef P. van Vuuren
    • , Hester Biemans
    •  & Robin Niessink
  • Research | | open

    Bio-oil is a potential major source of renewable fuels and chemicals. Here, the authors report a palladium-molybdenum mixed catalyst for the selective hydrodeoxygenation of water-insoluble bio-oil to mixtures of alkanes with high carbon yield.

    • Haohong Duan
    • , Juncai Dong
    • , Xianrui Gu
    • , Yung-Kang Peng
    • , Wenxing Chen
    • , Titipong Issariyakul
    • , William K. Myers
    • , Meng-Jung Li
    • , Ni Yi
    • , Alexander F. R. Kilpatrick
    • , Yu Wang
    • , Xusheng Zheng
    • , Shufang Ji
    • , Qian Wang
    • , Junting Feng
    • , Dongliang Chen
    • , Yadong Li
    • , Jean-Charles Buffet
    • , Haichao Liu
    • , Shik Chi Edman Tsang
    •  & Dermot O’Hare

News and Comment

  • News and Views |

    Strategies that reduce fossil-fuel use can achieve both global carbon mitigation and local health-protection goals. Now research shows the dual benefits of compact urban design and circular economy policies in Chinese cities.

    • Nadine Ibrahim
  • News and Views |

    Light-weight and stretchable, organic photovoltaics offer unique integration prospects. Now, organic solar cells and modules can also be washed while maintaining good photoconversion efficiencies.

    • Ning Li
    •  & Christoph J. Brabec
  • News and Views |

    Environmental heat sinks beyond local air are available for use with normal air conditioners to increase their efficiency. A study has exploited outer space and the atmosphere as remote sinks to demonstrate daytime sub-ambient fluid cooling and its application in reducing the energy needed to cool an interior.

    • Geoff Smith
    •  & Angus Gentle
    Nature Energy 2, 17142
  • News and Views |

    Social norms are the dominant behavioural patterns in a group that affect how people follow rules and regulations. A new modelling study shows, for different localities around the world, how the combination of biophysical context and social norms affects cooperation in water conservation.

    • Marco A. Janssen
  • Editorial |

    Ecological research projects that span decades provide unprecedented insight into the functioning and dynamics of populations, communities and ecosystems. We should treasure and protect them.