Giant planets

Giant planets are large planets, typically 10 or more times the mass of Earth, made predominantly of liquid or gas, notably hydrogen and helium. There are four giants in the solar system: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune.

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    A systematic change in Jupiter’s magnetic field can be detected by collating all data obtained in the last 45 years by multiple spacecraft, from Pioneer 10 to Juno. Such variation can be attributed to the zonal winds, which advect the magnetic field from the deep atmospheric layers.

    • K. M. Moore
    • , H. Cao
    • , J. Bloxham
    • , D. J. Stevenson
    • , J. E. P. Connerney
    •  & S. J. Bolton
  • Research |

    The atomic structure of H2O is documented at several million atmospheres of pressure and temperatures of several thousand degrees, revealing shockwave-induced ultrafast crystallization and a novel water ice phase, ice XVIII, with exotic superionic properties.

    • Marius Millot
    • , Federica Coppari
    • , J. Ryan Rygg
    • , Antonio Correa Barrios
    • , Sebastien Hamel
    • , Damian C. Swift
    •  & Jon H. Eggert
    Nature 569, 251-255
  • Research |

    PlanetNet, a new deep learning algorithm, can quickly and accurately map spatial and spectral features across large, heterogeneous areas of a planet. The major components of the 2008 storm on Saturn are delineated, indicating regions to be probed more deeply with radiative transfer models.

    • I. P. Waldmann
    •  & C. A. Griffith
  • Research |

    An intensification of the 7.8-µm methane emission at Jupiter’s poles is observed in coincidence with the arrival of a solar-wind compression in January 2017, highlighting the strong coupling between Jupiter’s magnetosphere and its neutral stratosphere.

    • J. A. Sinclair
    • , G. S. Orton
    • , J. Fernandes
    • , Y. Kasaba
    • , T. M. Sato
    • , T. Fujiyoshi
    • , C. Tao
    • , M. F. Vogt
    • , D. Grodent
    • , B. Bonfond
    • , J. I. Moses
    • , T. K. Greathouse
    • , W. Dunn
    • , R. S. Giles
    • , F. Tabataba-Vakili
    • , L. N. Fletcher
    •  & P. G. J. Irwin
  • Research | | open

    • N. J. Hartley
    • , S. Brown
    • , T. E. Cowan
    • , E. Cunningham
    • , T. Döppner
    • , R. W. Falcone
    • , L. B. Fletcher
    • , S. Frydrych
    • , E. Galtier
    • , E. J. Gamboa
    • , A. Laso Garcia
    • , D. O. Gericke
    • , S. H. Glenzer
    • , E. Granados
    • , P. A. Heimann
    • , H. J. Lee
    • , M. J. MacDonald
    • , A. J. MacKinnon
    • , E. E. McBride
    • , I. Nam
    • , P. Neumayer
    • , A. Pak
    • , A. Pelka
    • , I. Prencipe
    • , A. Ravasio
    • , M. Rödel
    • , K. Rohatsch
    • , A. M. Saunders
    • , M. Schölmerich
    • , M. Schörner
    • , A. K. Schuster
    • , P. Sun
    • , T. van Driel
    • , J. Vorberger
    •  & D. Kraus

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