Genetics

Definition

Genetics is the branch of science concerned with genes, heredity, and variation in living organisms. It seeks to understand the process of trait inheritance from parents to offspring, including the molecular structure and function of genes, gene behaviour in the context of a cell or organism (e.g. dominance and epigenetics), gene distribution, and variation and change in populations.

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Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    An atlas of microRNA expression patterns and regulators is produced by deep sequencing of short RNAs in human and mouse cells.

    • Derek de Rie
    • , Imad Abugessaisa
    • , Tanvir Alam
    • , Erik Arner
    • , Peter Arner
    • , Haitham Ashoor
    • , Gaby Åström
    • , Magda Babina
    • , Nicolas Bertin
    • , A Maxwell Burroughs
    • , Ailsa J Carlisle
    • , Carsten O Daub
    • , Michael Detmar
    • , Ruslan Deviatiiarov
    • , Alexandre Fort
    • , Claudia Gebhard
    • , Daniel Goldowitz
    • , Sven Guhl
    • , Thomas J Ha
    • , Jayson Harshbarger
    • , Akira Hasegawa
    • , Kosuke Hashimoto
    • , Meenhard Herlyn
    • , Peter Heutink
    • , Kelly J Hitchens
    • , Chung Chau Hon
    • , Edward Huang
    • , Yuri Ishizu
    • , Chieko Kai
    • , Takeya Kasukawa
    • , Peter Klinken
    • , Timo Lassmann
    • , Charles-Henri Lecellier
    • , Weonju Lee
    • , Marina Lizio
    • , Vsevolod Makeev
    • , Anthony Mathelier
    • , Yulia A Medvedeva
    • , Niklas Mejhert
    • , Christopher J Mungall
    • , Shohei Noma
    • , Mitsuhiro Ohshima
    • , Mariko Okada-Hatakeyama
    • , Helena Persson
    • , Patrizia Rizzu
    • , Filip Roudnicky
    • , Pål Sætrom
    • , Hiroki Sato
    • , Jessica Severin
    • , Jay W Shin
    • , Rolf K Swoboda
    • , Hiroshi Tarui
    • , Hiroo Toyoda
    • , Kristoffer Vitting-Seerup
    • , Louise Winteringham
    • , Yoko Yamaguchi
    • , Kayoko Yasuzawa
    • , Misako Yoneda
    • , Noriko Yumoto
    • , Susan Zabierowski
    • , Peter G Zhang
    • , Christine A Wells
    • , Kim M Summers
    • , Hideya Kawaji
    • , Albin Sandelin
    • , Michael Rehli
    • , The FANTOM Consortium
    • , Yoshihide Hayashizaki
    • , Piero Carninci
    • , Alistair R R Forrest
    •  & Michiel J L de Hoon
  • Research |

    Paz Polak, Jaegil Kim, Lior Z. Braunstein and colleagues have identified patterns of genome-wide mutation in certain breast cancers that can be used to identify those with DNA-repair deficiencies that make the tumor more likely to respond to therapies based on PARP inhibitors or platinum. In contrast, oncogenic mutations in several other DNA-repair genes do not generate these patterns.

    • Paz Polak
    • , Jaegil Kim
    • , Lior Z Braunstein
    • , Rosa Karlic
    • , Nicholas J Haradhavala
    • , Grace Tiao
    • , Daniel Rosebrock
    • , Dimitri Livitz
    • , Kirsten Kübler
    • , Kent W Mouw
    • , Atanas Kamburov
    • , Yosef E Maruvka
    • , Ignaty Leshchiner
    • , Eric S Lander
    • , Todd R Golub
    • , Aviad Zick
    • , Alexandre Orthwein
    • , Michael S Lawrence
    • , Rajbir N Batra
    • , Carlos Caldas
    • , Daniel A Haber
    • , Peter W Laird
    • , Hui Shen
    • , Leif W Ellisen
    • , Alan D D'Andrea
    • , Stephen J Chanock
    • , William D Foulkes
    •  & Gad Getz
  • Research |

    Monocle 2 uses reversed graph embedding to automatically learn complex, branched pseudotime trajectories of differentiation or cellular state changes from single-cell expression data.

    Monocle 2 uses reversed graph embedding to automatically learn complex, branched pseudotime trajectories of differentiation or cellular state changes from single-cell expression data.

    • Xiaojie Qiu
    • , Qi Mao
    • , Ying Tang
    • , Li Wang
    • , Raghav Chawla
    • , Hannah A Pliner
    •  & Cole Trapnell
  • Research |

    Doris Wagner and colleagues define Polycomb response elements (PREs) that direct the placement of Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) at developmental genes in Arabidopsis. They identify transcription factor families that bind to PREs, physically interact with and recruit PRC2, and are required for gene silencing in vivo.

    • Jun Xiao
    • , Run Jin
    • , Xiang Yu
    • , Max Shen
    • , John D Wagner
    • , Armaan Pai
    • , Claire Song
    • , Michael Zhuang
    • , Samantha Klasfeld
    • , Chongsheng He
    • , Alexandre M Santos
    • , Chris Helliwell
    • , Jose L Pruneda-Paz
    • , Steve A Kay
    • , Xiaowei Lin
    • , Sujuan Cui
    • , Meilin Fernandez Garcia
    • , Oliver Clarenz
    • , Justin Goodrich
    • , Xiaoyu Zhang
    • , Ryan S Austin
    • , Roberto Bonasio
    •  & Doris Wagner
  • Research |

    On the basis of new mechanistic studies of a mutant form of the apolipoprotein apoC-III that protects against coronary heart disease, Khetarpal et al. have developed therapeutic apoC-III-targeting monoclonal antibodies that lower circulating apoC-III protein and triglyceride levels in mice.

    • Sumeet A Khetarpal
    • , Xuemei Zeng
    • , John S Millar
    • , Cecilia Vitali
    • , Amritha Varshini Hanasoge Somasundara
    • , Paolo Zanoni
    • , James A Landro
    • , Nicole Barucci
    • , William J Zavadoski
    • , Zhiyuan Sun
    • , Hans de Haard
    • , Ildikó V Toth
    • , Gina M Peloso
    • , Pradeep Natarajan
    • , Marina Cuchel
    • , Sissel Lund-Katz
    • , Michael C Phillips
    • , Alan R Tall
    • , Sekar Kathiresan
    • , Paul DaSilva-Jardine
    • , Nathan A Yates
    •  & Daniel J Rader
  • Research |

    Schalbetter et al. show by Hi-C and modelling that mitotic chromosome compaction in budding yeast occurs by cis-looping of chromatin, and reveal distinct roles for cohesin and condensin depending on chromatin context.

    • Stephanie Andrea Schalbetter
    • , Anton Goloborodko
    • , Geoffrey Fudenberg
    • , Jon-Matthew Belton
    • , Catrina Miles
    • , Miao Yu
    • , Job Dekker
    • , Leonid Mirny
    •  & Jonathan Baxter

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