Gastroenteritis

Gastroenteritis is inflammation of any section of the gastrointestinal tract, from the oesophagus to the rectum. This inflammation can be caused by a number of factors, including genetics, infection, hypersensitivity, drugs and cancer. Depending on the location and cause, symptoms can include diarrhoea, vomiting and abdominal pain.

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    Isolates of the Vibrio cholerae O1 serotype Ogawa from Yemen are from a single sublineage of the seventh pandemic El Tor (7PET) lineage and are susceptible to several commonly used antibiotics as well as to polymyxins.

    • François-Xavier Weill
    • , Daryl Domman
    • , Elisabeth Njamkepo
    • , Abdullrahman A. Almesbahi
    • , Mona Naji
    • , Samar Saeed Nasher
    • , Ankur Rakesh
    • , Abdullah M. Assiri
    • , Naresh Chand Sharma
    • , Samuel Kariuki
    • , Mohammad Reza Pourshafie
    • , Jean Rauzier
    • , Abdinasir Abubakar
    • , Jane Y. Carter
    • , Joseph F. Wamala
    • , Caroline Seguin
    • , Christiane Bouchier
    • , Thérèse Malliavin
    • , Bita Bakhshi
    • , Hayder H. N. Abulmaali
    • , Dhirendra Kumar
    • , Samuel M. Njoroge
    • , Mamunur Rahman Malik
    • , John Kiiru
    • , Francisco J. Luquero
    • , Andrew S. Azman
    • , Thandavarayan Ramamurthy
    • , Nicholas R. Thomson
    •  & Marie-Laure Quilici
    Nature 565, 230-233
  • Research | | open

    Neonatal rotavirus infections are associated with gastrointestinal symptoms in some settings, but the role of host factors in clinical presentation is unclear. Here, Ramani et al. show that human milk oligosaccharides and microbiome are associated with symptomatic infection with neonatal strain G10P[11].

    • Sasirekha Ramani
    • , Christopher J. Stewart
    • , Daniel R. Laucirica
    • , Nadim J. Ajami
    • , Bianca Robertson
    • , Chloe A. Autran
    • , Dhairyasheel Shinge
    • , Sandya Rani
    • , Sasirekha Anandan
    • , Liya Hu
    • , Josephine C. Ferreon
    • , Kurien A. Kuruvilla
    • , Joseph F. Petrosino
    • , B. V. Venkataram Prasad
    • , Lars Bode
    • , Gagandeep Kang
    •  & Mary K. Estes
  • Reviews |

    Several bacteria of the Vibrio genus cause human infections; among these, Vibrio cholerae is responsible for cholera (a severe gastroenteritis that can be quickly fatal if untreated) and Vibrio vulnificus wound infections have a high mortality. Vibrio spp. are common in the environment in warm, low-salinity water and in fresh water, and increasing sea surface temperatures can further promote their spread.

    • Craig Baker-Austin
    • , James D. Oliver
    • , Munirul Alam
    • , Afsar Ali
    • , Matthew K. Waldor
    • , Firdausi Qadri
    •  & Jaime Martinez-Urtaza

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