Fossil fuels

Latest Research and Reviews

News and Comment

  • Editorial |

    Coal is increasingly falling out of favour in the face of cheaper alternatives and concerns about health.

    Nature Energy 4, 429
  • Comments and Opinion |

    Energy return on investment (EROI) is a critical measure of the comparative utility of different energy carriers, including fossil fuels and renewables. However, it must not be used to compare carriers that cannot be put to similar end-use. In addition, combining carriers to arrive at estimates of ‘average’ or ‘minimum’ EROIs can be problematic.

    • Marco Raugei
    Nature Energy 4, 86-88
  • News and Views |

    Documenting the emissions and net energy of a crude supply could be essential to meeting national emission and energy security targets. Using data from hundreds of fields worldwide, a well-to-refinery study presents a high-granularity profile of China’s crude oil supply in terms of emissions and energy return on input.

    • Mikael Höök
    Nature Energy 3, 166-167