Fluidics

Fluidics is the application of flowing substances, such as liquids and gases, to system control and logic operations. Fluidics is analogous to electronics but uses flow and pressure instead of electrical charge. While slower, fluidics can operate in situations where electromagnetic interference prohibits the use of electronics.

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research |

    Standing-wave optics can be used to control microfibril and cavity formation in polymer films and the resulting porous layered structures can produce tunable structural colour, enabling inkless ‘printing’ of images.

    • Masateru M. Ito
    • , Andrew H. Gibbons
    • , Detao Qin
    • , Daisuke Yamamoto
    • , Handong Jiang
    • , Daisuke Yamaguchi
    • , Koichiro Tanaka
    •  & Easan Sivaniah
    Nature 570, 363-367
  • Research | | open

    Owing to its atomic thinness, graphene is susceptible to wrinkles and folds. Here, the authors demonstrate controlled wrinkle formation in graphene under uniaxial tension and show that the obtained mosaic patterns can be used as channels for trapping or administering water and other fluids.

    • Maria Giovanna Pastore Carbone
    • , Anastasios C. Manikas
    • , Ioanna Souli
    • , Christos Pavlou
    •  & Costas Galiotis
  • Research | | open

    Natural leaves can purify water under sunlight through a combination of osmotic pressure, transpiration, and guttation effects. Here the authors design a composite material mimicking these combined effects, achieving sunlight-driven pure water production from brine with high collection rate.

    • Hongya Geng
    • , Qiang Xu
    • , Mingmao Wu
    • , Hongyun Ma
    • , Panpan Zhang
    • , Tiantian Gao
    • , Liangti Qu
    • , Tianbao Ma
    •  & Chun Li
  • Research | | open

    Fused silica glass has excellent optical properties, chemical and thermal stability and hardness, but its microstructuring for miniaturized applications has proven difficult. Here the authors demonstrate obtainment of precise arbitrary three dimensional hollow microstructures in fused silica glass by sacrificial template replication.

    • Frederik Kotz
    • , Patrick Risch
    • , Karl Arnold
    • , Semih Sevim
    • , Josep Puigmartí-Luis
    • , Alexander Quick
    • , Michael Thiel
    • , Andrei Hrynevich
    • , Paul D. Dalton
    • , Dorothea Helmer
    •  & Bastian E. Rapp
  • Research | | open

    Graphene oxide membranes have great potential in separation processes, but small ions rejection needs improvement for large scale applications. Here the authors manipulate the membrane’s surface charge to control selective ion transport, achieving high rejection for A2B and AB2 type salts and maintaining high water permeance.

    • Mengchen Zhang
    • , Kecheng Guan
    • , Yufan Ji
    • , Gongping Liu
    • , Wanqin Jin
    •  & Nanping Xu
  • Research | | open

    Non-equilibrium systems of immiscible liquids have significant potential to advance different technologies, but control over morphology or functionality remains unexplored. Here, the authors demonstrate an all-liquid fluidic device by exploiting surfactant assemblies to produce a semi-permeable membrane between the liquids.

    • Wenqian Feng
    • , Yu Chai
    • , Joe Forth
    • , Paul D. Ashby
    • , Thomas P. Russell
    •  & Brett A. Helms

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