Energy modelling


Latest Research and Reviews

  • Reviews |

    Despite being currently under-represented in IPCC reports, PV generation represents a growing share of power generation. This Perspective argues that underestimating PV potential led to suboptimal integration measures and that specific deployment strategies for emerging economies should be developed.

    • Felix Creutzig
    • , Peter Agoston
    • , Jan Christoph Goldschmidt
    • , Gunnar Luderer
    • , Gregory Nemet
    •  & Robert C. Pietzcker
    Nature Energy 2, 17140
  • Research | | open

    Solid-state entropy of reduction increases the thermodynamic efficiency of ceria for two-step thermochemical water splitting. Here, the authors report a large and different source of entropy, the onsite electronic configurational entropy arising from coupling between orbital and spin angular momenta in f orbitals.

    • S. Shahab Naghavi
    • , Antoine A. Emery
    • , Heine A. Hansen
    • , Fei Zhou
    • , Vidvuds Ozolins
    •  & Chris Wolverton
  • Research |

    Climate change affects the availability of water for cooling thermoelectric power plants, causing curtailments in generation. This study models how future changes in water availability due to climate and water usage impacts power generation across the EU, and assesses different adaptation strategies.

    • Paul Behrens
    • , Michelle T. H. van Vliet
    • , Tijmen Nanninga
    • , Brid Walsh
    •  & João F. D. Rodrigues
    Nature Energy 2, 17114
  • Research |

    Electrical energy storage is expected to be important for decarbonizing personal transport and enabling highly renewable electricity systems. This study analyses data on 11 storage technologies, constructing experience curves to project future prices, and explores feasible timelines for their economic competitiveness.

    • O. Schmidt
    • , A. Hawkes
    • , A. Gambhir
    •  & I. Staffell
    Nature Energy 2, 17110
  • Research | | open

    Climate change may alter building energy demand. Here, the authors quantify changes in residential electricity and natural gas demand in Los Angeles County and find that rising temperatures may increase electricity demand by 41–87% between 2020 and 2060, but improved efficiency could lower this increase to 28%.

    • Janet L. Reyna
    •  & Mikhail V. Chester
  • Research |

    Intermittent renewable sources provide an ever-greater share of electricity, which changes the variability of the net load. This study models different renewables combinations over different timescales for the Nordic power system and shows how the optimal mix depends on the frequency band of the fluctuations.

    • Jon Olauson
    • , Mohd Nasir Ayob
    • , Mikael Bergkvist
    • , Nicole Carpman
    • , Valeria Castellucci
    • , Anders Goude
    • , David Lingfors
    • , Rafael Waters
    •  & Joakim Widén
    Nature Energy 1, 16175

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