An emotion is an affective state triggered by perceived or recalled external stimuli. Emotions can serve to arouse or motivate behaviours. Examples include sadness, joy, fear, anger and disgust.

Latest Research and Reviews

News and Comment

  • News and Views |

    A new study shows that undergoing electroencephalography-based neurofeedback training of amygdala activity leads to an improved ability to regulate emotion in soldiers during combat training, a skill that may prevent future psychiatric disorders.

    • Kymberly D. Young
  • Research Highlights |

    Dopamine released in the rodent prefrontal cortex increases the signal-to-noise ratio of responses to aversive stimuli that are transmitted to the periaqueductal grey.

    • Natasha Bray
  • News and Views |

    In this issue of Nature Neuroscience, Menegas et al. demonstrate a role for midbrain dopamine neurons projecting to the tail of the striatum in encoding stimulus novelty and threat avoidance. From this study emerges a model whereby distinct dopaminergic projections to striatum influence behavior along at least two axes, one representing value and one representing threat.

    • Cody A. Siciliano
    • , Fergil Mills
    •  & Kay M. Tye
    Nature Neuroscience 21, 1296-1297
  • News and Views |

    Often overlooked, the paraventricular nucleus of the thalamus is a stress-sensitive region in the midline thalamus essential for stress-induced adaptations. Using cutting edge in vivo monitoring approaches, Beas, Wright et al. identify a circuit by which stress disinhibits the midline thalamus through dopaminergic modulation arising from the locus coeruleus.

    • Kurt M. Fraser
    •  & Patricia H. Janak
    Nature Neuroscience 21, 901-902