Earth and environmental sciences

Definition

Earth and environmental sciences cover all aspects of Earth and planetary sciences, and broadly encompasses solid Earth processes, surface and atmospheric dynamics, Earth system history, climate and climate change, marine and freshwater systems, and ecology. It also considers the interactions between humans and these systems.

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Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research | | open

    Water based inks used for water-jet rewritable paper (WJRP) are an environmental friendly alternative to conventional printing, but black colour in WJRP could not be realized so far. Here the authors demonstrate black as well as other colour WJRP based on binary systems containing less-sensitive acidochromic dyes and mild proton donors.

    • Guan Xi
    • , Lan Sheng
    • , Jiahui Du
    • , Jinyan Zhang
    • , Minjie Li
    • , Hongze Wang
    • , Yufei Ma
    •  & Sean Xiao-An Zhang
  • Research | | open

    A challenge for mutualists is that partner cue reliability is often low. Here, the authors show that though fruit brightness is weakly predictive of nutritional content, the diets of birds (e.g. migrants vs. residents) are structured by fruit brightness in alignment with expected nutritional needs.

    • Jörg Albrecht
    • , Jonas Hagge
    • , Dana G. Schabo
    • , H. Martin Schaefer
    •  & Nina Farwig
  • Research |

    Analysis of 20 years of observations of Barnard’s star from seven facilities reveals a signal with a period of 233 days that is indicative of a companion planet.

    • I. Ribas
    • , M. Tuomi
    • , A. Reiners
    • , R. P. Butler
    • , J. C. Morales
    • , M. Perger
    • , S. Dreizler
    • , C. Rodríguez-López
    • , J. I. González Hernández
    • , A. Rosich
    • , F. Feng
    • , T. Trifonov
    • , S. S. Vogt
    • , J. A. Caballero
    • , A. Hatzes
    • , E. Herrero
    • , S. V. Jeffers
    • , M. Lafarga
    • , F. Murgas
    • , R. P. Nelson
    • , E. Rodríguez
    • , J. B. P. Strachan
    • , L. Tal-Or
    • , J. Teske
    • , B. Toledo-Padrón
    • , M. Zechmeister
    • , A. Quirrenbach
    • , P. J. Amado
    • , M. Azzaro
    • , V. J. S. Béjar
    • , J. R. Barnes
    • , Z. M. Berdiñas
    • , J. Burt
    • , G. Coleman
    • , M. Cortés-Contreras
    • , J. Crane
    • , S. G. Engle
    • , E. F. Guinan
    • , C. A. Haswell
    • , Th. Henning
    • , B. Holden
    • , J. Jenkins
    • , H. R. A. Jones
    • , A. Kaminski
    • , M. Kiraga
    • , M. Kürster
    • , M. H. Lee
    • , M. J. López-González
    • , D. Montes
    • , J. Morin
    • , A. Ofir
    • , E. Pallé
    • , R. Rebolo
    • , S. Reffert
    • , A. Schweitzer
    • , W. Seifert
    • , S. A. Shectman
    • , D. Staab
    • , R. A. Street
    • , A. Suárez Mascareño
    • , Y. Tsapras
    • , S. X. Wang
    •  & G. Anglada-Escudé
    Nature 563, 365–368
  • Research | | open

    The Paris Agreement includes bottom-up pledges and top-down warming threshold. Under this setting where countries effectively choose their own fairness principle, this article assesses the global warming implied by each Nationally Determined Contribution to inform the future ratcheting-up process.

    • Yann Robiou du Pont
    •  & Malte Meinshausen

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