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The ocean is a key part of the climate system but is often neglected in individual country priorities. Analysis of Nationally Determined Contributions reveals 70% include marine issues. The level of inclusion varies dependent on country factors including vulnerability to rising seas.
Empirical two-part models describe the relationship between conservation
spending, human development pressures and biodiversity loss and can inform sustainable
development strategies by predicting the effects of financing decisions on future
Biocultural approaches combining local values, knowledge, and needs with global ecological factors provide a fruitful indicator framework for assessing local and global well-being and sustainability, and help bridge the divide between them.