Decision making

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Research | | open

    Failure to account for heterogeneity in TB risk can mislead model-based evaluation of proposed interventions. Here, the authors introduce a metric to estimate the distribution of risk in populations from routinely collected data and find that variation in infection acquisition is the most impactful.

    • M. Gabriela M. Gomes
    • , Juliane F. Oliveira
    • , Adelmo Bertolde
    • , Diepreye Ayabina
    • , Tuan Anh Nguyen
    • , Ethel L. Maciel
    • , Raquel Duarte
    • , Binh Hoa Nguyen
    • , Priya B. Shete
    •  & Christian Lienhardt
  • Research |

    Using misconduct data on 35,000 officers and staff from London’s Metropolitan Police Service, researchers demonstrate that earlier misconduct among peers causes an increase in an officer’s own current misconduct.

    • Edika G. Quispe-Torreblanca
    •  & Neil Stewart
  • Research |

    Behavioural interventions aimed at curbing carbon emissions are inexpensive and easy to implement but can offer the false promise of a quick fix. Across six experiments, the authors show that exposure to a green energy nudge diminishes support for carbon taxes.

    • David Hagmann
    • , Emily H Ho
    •  & George Loewenstein
  • Research | | open

    Conservation decisions to protect land used by migratory birds rely on understanding species’ dynamic habitat associations. Here the authors identify conservation scenarios needed to maintain >30% of the abundances of 117 migratory birds across the Americas, considering spatial and temporal patterns of species abundance.

    • Richard Schuster
    • , Scott Wilson
    • , Amanda D. Rodewald
    • , Peter Arcese
    • , Daniel Fink
    • , Tom Auer
    •  & Joseph. R. Bennett
  • Reviews |

    Urban systems must adapt to climatic and other global change. This Perspective uses urban systems to argue that sustainability and resilience are complementary but not interchangeable and that, in some cases, resilience can even render cities unsustainable.

    • Thomas Elmqvist
    • , Erik Andersson
    • , Niki Frantzeskaki
    • , Timon McPhearson
    • , Per Olsson
    • , Owen Gaffney
    • , Kazuhiko Takeuchi
    •  & Carl Folke

News and Comment

  • News and Views |

    ‘Nudge’ interventions, such as green energy defaults, may be simple and cost-effective ways to address climate change and can complement more substantive climate policies. But, new research finds that information about a nudge policy lowers support for a carbon tax, unless that nudge policy is described as part of a comprehensive approach.

    • Alexander Maki
  • News and Views |

    The Millennium Development Goal target 7c, to halve the proportion of the global population without access to safe drinking water by 2015, is the first international drinking water target ever met. Understanding how this was achieved is critical to replicating success.

    • Mark Everard
  • Editorial |

    The unexpected swell of action, sparked by a Swedish teenager, has put climate change back on the political radar. With time on their side, youth will experience longer term climate change impacts more than those in decision making positions, meaning they want a say in their future.

  • News and Views |

    The FDA’s approval of the first point-of-care total PSA test for prostate cancer has the potential to improve patient care by streamlining PSA testing. However, a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments waiver is needed before this test can be fully integrated into clinical care.

    • Alexa R. Meyer
    •  & Michael A. Gorin
  • News and Views |

    Women have typically been excluded from forest conservation programs due to traditional decision-making structures in their villages and local governments. Research now shows that greater representation of women in forest-user groups leads to more equitable sharing of program benefits and increases conservation outcomes.

    • Björn Vollan
    •  & Adam Douglas Henry
  • Comments and Opinion |

    Policymakers and investors have perceived securing soil organic carbon as too difficult, with uncertain returns. But new technical, policy and financial opportunities offer hope for rapid progress.

    • Sonja Vermeulen
    • , Deborah Bossio
    • , Johannes Lehmann
    • , Paul Luu
    • , Keith Paustian
    • , Christopher Webb
    • , Flore Augé
    • , Imelda Bacudo
    • , Tobias Baedeker
    • , Tanja Havemann
    • , Ceris Jones
    • , Richard King
    • , Matthew Reddy
    • , Ishmael Sunga
    • , Moritz Von Unger
    •  & Matthew Warnken