Condensed-matter physics

Condensed-matter physics is the study of substances in their solid state. This includes the investigation of both crystalline solids in which the atoms are positioned on a repeating three-dimensional lattice, such as diamond, and amorphous materials in which atomic position is more irregular, like in glass.

Featured

Latest Research and Reviews

  • Reviews |

    The breakdown of superconductivity is described as a reduction in the amplitude of the order parameter or a breakdown in phase coherence of Cooper pairs. This Review Article highlights recent results that show both mechanisms may be at play simultaneously.

    • Benjamin Sacépé
    • , Mikhail Feigel’man
    •  & Teunis M. Klapwijk
    Nature Physics 16, 734-746
  • Reviews |

    Hybrid devices of superconductors and semiconductor nanowires may be topological and host majorana. This Perspective summarizes the current situation of the field, and highlights the developments in materials science required to make progress.

    • S. M. Frolov
    • , M. J. Manfra
    •  & J. D. Sau
    Nature Physics 16, 718-724
  • Research
    | Open Access

    Magnetism in the cuprates is crucial to understanding their superconducting properties and most studies focus on the antiferromagnetism related to Cu spins. Here, using polarised neutron diffraction the authors find evidence of a type of short range magnetic ordering in Ca-doped SrCuO spin-ladder compound whose origins may lie in magnetoelectric loop currents rather than Cu spins

    • Dalila Bounoua
    • , Lucile Mangin-Thro
    • , Jaehong Jeong
    • , Romuald Saint-Martin
    • , Loreynne Pinsard-Gaudart
    • , Yvan Sidis
    •  & Philippe Bourges
  • Reviews
    | Open Access

    The lack of scalable, high-quality insulators is a major problem hindering the progress on electronic devices built from 2D materials. Here, the authors review the current state-of-the-art and the future prospects of suitable insulators for 2D technologies.

    • Yury Yu. Illarionov
    • , Theresia Knobloch
    • , Markus Jech
    • , Mario Lanza
    • , Deji Akinwande
    • , Mikhail I. Vexler
    • , Thomas Mueller
    • , Max C. Lemme
    • , Gianluca Fiori
    • , Frank Schwierz
    •  & Tibor Grasser

News and Comment

  • News and Views |

    Novel non-equilibrium phases of matter have recently become the focus of intense interest. The realization of topological phases which cannot exist under the constraints of thermodynamic equilibrium is a key aim.

    • Mark S. Rudner
  • News and Views |

    The forces between electrons and nuclei in solids are difficult to image directly. A study shows that these forces can instead be indirectly imaged using the light emitted when the electrons are subjected to a strong laser field.

    • Michael A. Sentef
    Nature 583, 35-36
  • Comments and Opinion |

    Why the Hall conductance is quantized was an open problem in condensed matter theory for much of the past 40 years. Spyridon Michalakis who worked on the solution — published in 2015 — gives a personal take on how the field evolved.

    • Spyridon Michalakis