Microbial communities

Microbial communities are groups of microorganisms that share a common living space. The microbial populations that form the community can interact in different ways, for example as predators and prey or as symbionts.

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Latest Research and Reviews

  • Reviews | | open

    The microbial majority with which we share Earth often goes unnoticed despite underlying major biogeochemical cycles and food webs, thereby taking a key role in climate change. This Consensus Statement highlights the importance of climate change microbiology and issues a call to action for all microbiologists.

    • Ricardo Cavicchioli
    • , William J. Ripple
    • , Kenneth N. Timmis
    • , Farooq Azam
    • , Lars R. Bakken
    • , Matthew Baylis
    • , Michael J. Behrenfeld
    • , Antje Boetius
    • , Philip W. Boyd
    • , Aimée T. Classen
    • , Thomas W. Crowther
    • , Roberto Danovaro
    • , Christine M. Foreman
    • , Jef Huisman
    • , David A. Hutchins
    • , Janet K. Jansson
    • , David M. Karl
    • , Britt Koskella
    • , David B. Mark Welch
    • , Jennifer B. H. Martiny
    • , Mary Ann Moran
    • , Victoria J. Orphan
    • , David S. Reay
    • , Justin V. Remais
    • , Virginia I. Rich
    • , Brajesh K. Singh
    • , Lisa Y. Stein
    • , Frank J. Stewart
    • , Matthew B. Sullivan
    • , Madeleine J. H. van Oppen
    • , Scott C. Weaver
    • , Eric A. Webb
    •  & Nicole S. Webster
  • Reviews |

    Whole genome sequencing (WGS) offers new opportunities in the clinical management and surveillance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In this Review, Meehan and colleagues explore the current landscape of WGS pipelines and applications, and set out best practices for M. tuberculosis WGS, including standards for bioinformatics pipelines, curated repositories of resistance-causing variants, phylogenetic analyses, quality control and standardized reporting.

    • Conor J. Meehan
    • , Galo A. Goig
    • , Thomas A. Kohl
    • , Lennert Verboven
    • , Anzaan Dippenaar
    • , Matthew Ezewudo
    • , Maha R. Farhat
    • , Jennifer L. Guthrie
    • , Kris Laukens
    • , Paolo Miotto
    • , Boatema Ofori-Anyinam
    • , Viola Dreyer
    • , Philip Supply
    • , Anita Suresh
    • , Christian Utpatel
    • , Dick van Soolingen
    • , Yang Zhou
    • , Philip M. Ashton
    • , Daniela Brites
    • , Andrea M. Cabibbe
    • , Bouke C. de Jong
    • , Margaretha de Vos
    • , Fabrizio Menardo
    • , Sebastien Gagneux
    • , Qian Gao
    • , Tim H. Heupink
    • , Qingyun Liu
    • , Chloé Loiseau
    • , Leen Rigouts
    • , Timothy C. Rodwell
    • , Elisa Tagliani
    • , Timothy M. Walker
    • , Robin M. Warren
    • , Yanlin Zhao
    • , Matteo Zignol
    • , Marco Schito
    • , Jennifer Gardy
    • , Daniela M. Cirillo
    • , Stefan Niemann
    • , Inaki Comas
    •  & Annelies Van Rie
  • Research |

    Exposure to a farm-like house dust microbiome is associated with protection against asthma development in children living in urban environments.

    • Pirkka V. Kirjavainen
    • , Anne M. Karvonen
    • , Rachel I. Adams
    • , Martin Täubel
    • , Marjut Roponen
    • , Pauli Tuoresmäki
    • , Georg Loss
    • , Balamuralikrishna Jayaprakash
    • , Martin Depner
    • , Markus Johannes Ege
    • , Harald Renz
    • , Petra Ina Pfefferle
    • , Bianca Schaub
    • , Roger Lauener
    • , Anne Hyvärinen
    • , Rob Knight
    • , Dick J. J. Heederik
    • , Erika von Mutius
    •  & Juha Pekkanen
  • Research |

    Here, the authors apply quantitative microbiome profiling to a metagenomics data set comprising patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis and/or inflammatory bowel disease and identify microbial taxa associated with inflammation or specific disease indicators, which were validated in an independent inflammatory bowel disease cohort.

    • Sara Vieira-Silva
    • , João Sabino
    • , Mireia Valles-Colomer
    • , Gwen Falony
    • , Gunter Kathagen
    • , Clara Caenepeel
    • , Isabelle Cleynen
    • , Schalk van der Merwe
    • , Séverine Vermeire
    •  & Jeroen Raes

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